CATSCLEM - Dieren   Animals M-O


MACRAUCHENIIDAE


MACROPODIDAE - KANGOEROES - KANGAROOS - WALLABIES
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  • Animal Diversity: Macropodidae


    MACROPODINAE - KANGOEROES - KANGAROOS - WALLABIES


    MACROPODINI


    MACROSCELIDEA   MACROSCELIDAE   OLIFANTSPITSMUIZEN   SPRINGSPITSMUIZEN   ELEPHANT SHREWS
      <==o Macroscelidea [Macroscelides; Macroscelidiformes] (Olifantspitsmuizen) (Elephant Shrews) `--o Macroscelididae |?- †Protypotheroides |--o †Herodotiinae | |-- †Nementchatherium senarhense | `--+-- †Chambius kasserinensis | `-- †Herodotius pattersoni `--+?- †Mylomygale spiersi [Mylomygalinae] |-- †Metoldobotes stromeri [Metoldobotinae] `--o Macroscelididae sensu stricto (Recent Macroscelideans) |--o Rhynchocyon [Miorhynchocyon] [Rhynchocyoninae] | |?- †R. clarki | |?- †R. rusingae | |-- R. chrysopygus | |-- R. cirnei | |-- R. petersi | `-- R. udzungwensis (Grijskop-Olifantspitsmuis) (Grey-faced Elephant Shrew) `--+--o †Myohyracinae | |-- †Myohyrax oswaldi [M. doederleini] | `-- †Protypotheroides beetzi [Myohyrax osborni] `--o Macroscelidinae [Macroscelinae] |?- †Pronasilio |?- †Palaeothentoides africanus `--+-- †Hiwegicyon `--+--o Macroscelides proboscideus | |-- †M. p. vagans | `-- M. p. proboscideus `--+-- Petrodromus tetradactylus `--o Elephantulus [Nasilio] ()? |-- E. fuscipes |-- E. revoili |--+?- †E. antiquus | `-- E. rufescens |-- E. brachyrhynchus |--o E. fuscus [Nasilio fuscus] | |-- †E. f. leakeyi | `-- E. f. fuscus |-- E. rupestris |--+?- †E. broomi [E. langi] | `-- E. intufi (Bushvel Elephant Shrew) |-- E. rozeti |-- E. myurus `-- E. edwardi (Cape Elephant Shrew)
  • Order Macroscelidea - Family Macroscelidae
  • Animal Diversity: Order Macroscelidea - Family Macroscelidae
  • Macroscelidea
  • Order Macroscelidea - Elephant Shrews
    - Genus Elephantulus - Long-eared Elephant Shrew
  • Animal Diversity: Genus Elephantulus - Long-eared Elephant Shrews
  • Elephants Shrews or Sengis (Rufous Sengi: Elephantulus rufescens)
  • Afrotheria: Order Macroscelidea: Elephant Shrew (Elephanus sp.)
  • North African Elephant Shrew (Elephantulus rozeti)
  • Short-snouted Elephant Shrew (Elephantulus brachyrhynchus)
  • Rock Elephant Shrew (Elephantulus myurus)
  • Bushveldt Elephant hrew (Elephantulus intufi), Western Rock Elephant Shrew (Elephantulus rupestris), Rufous Elephant Shrew (Elephantulus rufescens)
    - Genus Rhynchocyon - Checkered Elephant Shrew
  • Genus Rhynchocyon - Checkered Elephant Shrews
  • Golden-rumped Elephant Shrew (Rhynchocyon chrysophygus)
    Giant Elephant Shrew (Rhynchocyon cirnei)
  • Checkered Elephant Shrew (Rhynchocyon cirnei)
    - Genus Petrodromus - Forest Elephant Shrew
  • Genus Petrodromus - Forest Elephant Shrew
  • Elephants Shrews or Sengis: Four-toed Sengi (Petrodromus tetradactylus)
    - Genus Macroscelides - Short-eared Elephant Shrew
  • Genus Macroscelides - Short-eared Elephant Shrew
  • Round-eared Elephant Shrew (Macroscelides proboscideus)

    Zie ook: Crustacea


    MAMMALIA   ZOOGDIEREN   MAMMALS   TRUE MAMMALS
    <==o MAMMALIA (True Mammals)
      After McKenna & Bell, 1997 <==o Mammalia (Mammals) |-- Prototheria [Monotremata] (Platypus & Echidinas) `--o Theriiformes [Theriimorpha] |-- †Allotheria (Multituberculates and relatives) `--+-- †Triconodonta `-- Holotheria [Patriotheria, Orthotheria, Theria] ("Higher Mammals") ======= After Wang, Hu, Meng & Li, 2001 <==o Mammalia (Mammals) |?- †Gondwanatheria [has been treated as multituberculates] |-- †Triconodonta `--+--+-- Prototheria [Monotremata] (Platypus & Echidinas) | `-- †Allotheria (Mltituberculates and relatives) `-- Holotheria [Patriotheria, Orthotheria, Theria] ("Higher Mammals) ======= After Luo, Cifelli & Kielan-Jaworowska, 2001 and Luo, Kielan-Jaworowska & Cifelli, 2002 <==o Mammalia (Mammals) |-- †Allotheria `--o Theriiformes [Theriimorpha] |-- †Triconodontidae `--+-- †Gobiconodontidae `--+-- †Amphilestidae Osborn, 1888 `-- Holotheria [Patriotheria, Orthotheria, Theria] ("Higher Mammals") ======= After Kielan-Jaworowska, Cifelli & Luo, 2004, and Luo & Wible, 2005 <==o Mammalia (Mammals) |--o Yinotheria [Prototheria] | |--o †Shuontherium [Shuotherida: Shuotheriidae] | | |-- †S. dongi | | |-- †S. shilongi | | `-- †S. kermacki | `-- Australophenida [incl. Monotremata and Ausktribosphenida] (Platypus & Echidinas) `--+-- †Fruitafossor windscheffeli |--o †Volaticotheria | `-- †Volaticotherium antiquus `--o Theriimorpha |-- †Triconodonta `--o Theriiformes |-- †Allotheria `-- Holotheria [Patriotheria, Orthotheria, Theria] ("Higher Mammals") ======= Mammalia incertae sedis: †Tikitherium; U.Trias. Ind. †T. copei
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  • De zoogdieratlas van Nederland


    MAMMALIAFORMES
      <==o Mammaliaformes [Mammalia] |-- †Adelobasilus cromptoni `--+--o †Sinoconodontidae | `-- †Sinoconodon rigneyi [incl. Lufengoconodon changchiawaensis (Sinoconodon changchiawaensis), S. parringtoni, which are ontogenetic forms of Sinoconodon rigneyi] `--+?-o †Tricuspes [Tricuspis?] [could be a non-mammaliaform chiniquodontoid] | |-- †T. tuebingensis | |-- †T. sigogneauae | `-- †T. tapeinodon |?- †Repenomamus robustus [Repenomamidae] [elsewhere treated as a gobiconodont] `--+--o †Morganucodonta [“Kuehneotheria”] | |?- †Hallautherium schalchi | |-- †Morganucodontidae | `-- †Megazostrodontidae `--+-- †Docodonta [Docodontiformes, incl. Tegotheridia] `--+-- †Hadrocodium wui `--+-- †Kuehneotheriidae [“Kuehneotheria”] `--o Mammalia (True Mammals) |--o Yinotheria [Prototheria] | |--o †Shuontherium [Shuotheridia: Shuotheriidae] | | |-- †S. dongi | | |-- †S. shilongi | | `-- †S. kermacki | `-- Australophenida [incl. Monotremata and Ausktribosphenida] (Platypus & Echidinas) `--+-- †Fruitafossor windscheffeli `--o Theriimorpha |-- †Eutriconodonta `--o Theriiformes |-- †Allotheria `-- Holotheria [Patriotheria, Orthotheria, Theria] () Mammalia incertae sedis: †Tikitherium ; U.Trias. Ind. †T. copei †Reigitheriidae †Reigitherium †R. bunodontum
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  • Primitieve Zoogdieren - Mammaliaformes

    Taxonomie - Taxonomy:

    Mammaliaformes


    MAMMUTHUS
      <==o †Mammuthus (Mammuts; Mammoeten, Mammoths) |-- †M. subplanifrons `--+-- †M. africanavus `--+?- †M. lamarmorae (Sardinian Mammut) `--o †M. meridionalis [paraphyletic root-mammut] |?- †M. creticus (Crete Dwarf-mammut) |-- †M. meridionalis tamanensis [M. meridionalis Laiatico-stage] `--+-- †M. meridionalis voigtstedtensis [M. meridionalis Montevarchi-stage] `--+-- †M. trogontherii (Steppemammoet, Steppe Mammoth) |?-+--o †M. imperator (Emperor Mammut) | | |-- †M. i. ?jeffersoni | | `-- †M. i. ?imperator | `--o †M. columbi (Colombian Mammut) | |?- †M. c. columbi | `?- †M. c. exilis `--+-- †M. meridionalis [Bacton-stage] (Zuidelijke Mammoet, Southern Mammoth) `--+-- †M. armeniacus `--+-- †M. hayi `--+-- †M. fraasi `--o †M. primigenius (Woolly Mammut, Wolharige Mammoet) |-- †M. p. sibiricus (Russian Mammut) `--+-- †M. p. wrangeliensis (Wrangel Island Mammut [died out only 4000 years ago!] |-- †M. p. primigenius (Woolly Mammut, European Mammut, Wolharige Mammoet) `--+-- †M. p. alaskensis (Alaskan Mammut) `-- †M. p. compressus (Great Lakes Mammut)
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  • Mammoth Family Tree
  • Artis: De mammoet
  • Reconstructie mammoet
  • Mammoet special
  • Mammuthus: The migration will begin
  • Mammuthus primigenius - Wolharige Mammoet
  • Biodiversity: The origin of Mammoth
  • Mammuthus primigenius
  • Mammuthus primigenius fraasi
  • All FaunMap sites for Imperial Mammoth(Mammuthus imperator)
  • Columbian And Woolly Mammoth Information
  • Columbian Mammoth - Mammuthus columbi
  • Cook's Mammoth (Mammuthus haroldcooki) - Columbian Mammoth (Mammuthus columbi)
  • Mammoths, Mastodons, and Elephants
  • Pygmy Mammoth Update
  • Mammuthus M. columbi, M. imperator, M. jeffersoni, M. meridionalis, M. primigenius, M. sungari, M. trogontheri
  • Mammuthus lamarmorae (Major, 1883) remains
  • Mammoth Site


    MAMMUTIDEA   MAMMUTOIDEA   MAMMOET   MAMMOTH
      <==o †Mammutidea [MAMMUTOIDEA] (Mastodonten) |-- †Eozygodon morotoensis `--+--o †Zygolophodon [Turicius] | |-- †Z. aegyptensis | |-- †Z. tapiroides | |-- †Z. gromovae | |-- †Z. proavus | `--o †Z. turicensis -group | |-- †Z. turicensis | |-- †Z. atavus [subspecies to Z. turicensis??] | |-- †Z. metachijiensis [subspecies to Z. turicensis??] | `-- †Z. gobiensis [subspecies to Z. turicensis??] `--+?- "Zygolophodon" merriami `--o †Mammut [Zygolophodon] |-- †M. matthewi |-- †M. borsoni [Zygolophodon borsoni] `-- ">†M. americanum (American Mastodon)


    MANATIDAE   LAMANTIJNEN   MANATEES   TRICHECHIDAE
      <==o Manatidae [Trichechidae] |--o †Miosireninae | |-- †Anomotherium langewieschei | `--o †Miosiren | |-- †M. kocki | `-- †M. canhami [=? M. kocki] `--o Trichechinae |-- †Potamosiren magdalenensis |-- †Ribodon limbatus `--o Trichechus (Manatees) |-- T. inunguis (Zuidamerikaanse Lamantijn) (Amazonian Manatee) |-- T. senegalensis (West African Manatee) `--o T. manatus (West Indian Manatee) |-- T. m. manatus (Antillean manatee) [Amerikan rannikot; Coastal America's] `-- T. m. latirostris (Florida Manatee)


    MANDIBULATA
    
    Subfylum MANDIBULATA
        |-- Klasse Crustacea (Schaaldieren - Kreeftachtigen - Crustaceans)
        |-- Klasse Chilopoda (Duizendpoten*)(Centipedes)
        |-- Klasse Diplopoda (Miljoenpoten*)(Millipedes)
        `-- Superklasse Hexapoda (Zespotigen - Insecten in brede zin)
    
    *(Chilopoda - Duizendpoten en Diplopoda - Miljoenenpoten vormen samen: (Klasse Duizendpotigen/Veelpotigen - Myriapoda)
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     <==o
    MANDIBULATA ()
        |-- MYRIAPODA [Millipedia] ()
        `--o PANCRUSTACEA
           |-- HEXAPODA ()
           `-- CRUSTACEA ()
    
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  • Insecten - Fylum Mandibulata
  • Arthropoda - Mandibulata

    Zie ook: Arthropoda   Anthropoda   Geleedpotigen


    MANIDAE   PANGOLINS
      <==o Manidae [Pholidota sensu stricto] (Pangolins) |?- ?†Eurotamandua [problematic taxon, very similar to South American anteaters [Edentata: Xenarthra: Vermilindua]] |--o Maninae | |-- †Eomanis | |-- †Necromanis | |-- †Patriomanis L. Eoc. NA. | `--o Manis | |?- †M. lydekkeri | |?- †M. palaeojavanica | |-- (Paramanis) javanica (Malayan Pangolin) | `--o (Manis) | |-- M. (M.) pentadactyla (Chinese Pangolin) | `-- M. (M.) crassicaudata (Indian Pangolin) `--o Smutsiinae |--o Smutsia [Smutsiini] | |-- S. gigantea (Giant Ground Pangolin) | `-- S. temminckii (Temminck's Ground Pangolin) `--o Uromaniini |-- Phataginus tricuspis [incl. P. longicaudata] (Tree Pangolin) `-- Uromanis tetradactyla (Long-tailed Pangolin)


    MARMOSET   TAMARIN
  • Tassel-eared Marmoset (Callithrix humeralifera)


    MARMOTINI   MARMOTTEN   MARMOTS, SUSLIKS and PRAIRIE DOGS
      <==o Marmotini (Marmots, Susliks, and Prairie Dogs) |-- †Palaeosciurus |--o Marmotina (Marmots) | |--o †Protospermophilus [Citellus (Protospermophilus); Protospermophilus]; U.Olig.-U.Mioc. NA. | | |-- †P. quatalensis | | |-- †P. kelloggi | | |-- †P. malheurensis | | |-- †P. vortmani | | |-- †P. oregonensis | | `-- †P. angusticeps | |-- †Miospermophilus; U.Olig.-M.Mioc. NA. | |-- †Palaearctomys; U.Mioc. NA. | |-- †Arctomyoides; U.Mioc. NA. | |-- †Paenemarmota barbouri; U.Mioc. NA. | `--o Marmota [Marmota; Arctomys; Lagomys; Lipura] [incl. Stereodectes; Marmotops] U.Mioc.-R. NA., Pleist.-R. Eu. As. (Marmots; Woodchucks) | |-- M. marmota | |-- M. camtschatica | |-- M. menzbieri | |-- M. bobak | |?- M. baibacina (Gray Marmot) | |?- M. himalayana | |?- M. sibirica (Mongolian Marmot or Tarbagan) | |-- M. broweri | |-- M. caudata | |-- M. monax | |-- M. flaviventris | |-- M. caligata | |-- M. olympus (Olympic Marmot) | `-- M. vancouverensis `--o Spermophilina [Citellini] (Susliks and Prairie Dogs) |--o †Spermophilinus; Mioc. Eu., U.Mioc.L.Plioc. As. | `-- †S. bredai |-- Spermophilus; M.Mioc.-R. NA., U.Mioc.-R. As., L.Pleist.-R. Eu. (Susliks) |--o Ammospermophilus (Antilope Ground Squirrels) | |-- A. harrisii (Antilope Ground Squirrel) | |-- A. leucurus (White-tailed Antelope-squirrel) | |-- A. interpres | |-- A. insularis (Insular Antelope-squirrel) | `-- A. nelsoni (Nelson's Antelopes-quirrel) `--o Cynomys [Monax; Cynomomus; Mamcynomisus] ?M.Mioc. NA., U.Plioc.-R. NA. (Prairie Dogs) |--o (Cynomys) | |-- C. (C.) ludovicianus (Black-tailed Prairie Dog) | `-- C. (C.) mexicanus (Mexican Prairie Dog) `--o (Leucocrossuromys) |-- C. (L.) leucurus (White-tailed Prairie Dog) |-- C. (L.) parvidens (Utah Prairie Dog) `-- C. (L.) gunnisoni (Gunnison's Prairie Dog)


    MAXILLOPODA
      <==o Maxillopoda () |?- †Skaracarida |--o Thecostraca [Branchiura, in partim] | |-- Hansenocaris [Facetotecta] | |--o Ascothoracida | | |--o Laurida | | | |-- Lauridae | | | |-- Petrarcidae | | | `-- Synagogidae | | `--o Dentrogasterida | | |-- Ascothoracidae | | |-- Ctenosculidae | | `-- Dendrogastridae | `-- Cirripedia (Rankpotigen) (Barnacles and their Relatives) |--o Tantulocarida | |-- Basipodellidae | |-- Deoterthridae | |-- Doryphallophoridae | |-- Microdajidae | `-- Onceroxenidae |--+-- Pentastomida () | `--o Branchiura () | `--o Arguloida () | `-- Argulidae [incl. Dipteropeltidae] () |--o Mystacocarida | `--o Mystacocaridida | `-- Derocheilocarididae `-- Copepoda (Roeipotigen) (Roeipootkreeftjes)


    MEGALONYCHIDAE   TWEEVINGERIGE LUIAARDS - TWO-TOED SLOTHS
  • Megalonychidae - West Indian Sloths and Two-toed Tree Sloths
  • Megalonychidae(Magalonyctidae): Taxonomy
  • Animal Diversity: Megalonychidae - Two-toed Sloths
  • West Indian Ground Sloths (*=Extinct)
  • Dierentuin.Net: Luiaards

    Choloepinae
    Genus Acratocnus*

  • Genus Acratocnus - Puerto Rican Ground Sloth
    Genus Choloepus
  • Genus Choloepus - Two-toed Tree Sloths
  • Linné's Two-toed Sloth (Choloepus didactylus
  • Two-toed Sloth (Choloepus didactylus)
  • Dierentuin.net: Tweevingerige Luiaard - Two-toed Sloth (Choloepus hoffmanni)
  • Two-toed Sloth (Choloepus hoffmanni)
  • Two-toed Sloth (Choloepus hoffmanni)
    Genus Habanocnus*
    Genus Mesocnus*
    Genus Miocnus*
    Genus Neocrus*
    Genus Parocnus*
  • Genus Parocnus - Greater Haitian Ground Sloth
    Genus Synocnus*
  • Genus Synocnus - Lesser Haitian Ground Sloth

    Zie ook: Bradypodidae   Drievingerige Luiaards - Three-toed Sloths
    Zie ook: Xenarthra - (Edentata)   Tandarmen


    MEGATHERIA
      <==o Megatheria |--o BRADYPODOIDAE [Bradypidae; Bradypodoidea] | `--o Bradypodidae `--o MEGATHEROIDEA |-- †Megatheriidae `-- Megalonyctidae


    MEKOSUCHINAE
      <==o †Mekosuchinae |--o †Pallimnarchus | |-- †P. sp. | `-- †P. pollens |--+-- †Australosuchus clarkae | `--o †Kembara | |?- †K. sp.1 [Olig. E. Queensland, Aust.] | |?- †K. sp.2 [Eoc. E. Queensland, Aust.] | |-- †K. murgonensis | `-- †K. implexidens `--o †Mekosuchini |--o †Baru | |-- †B. darrowi | |-- †B. huberi | `-- †B. wickeni `--+-- †Trilophosuchus rackhami `--+-- †Volia athollandersoni |--o †Quinkana | |-- †Q. babarra | |-- †Q. fortirostrum | |-- †Q. timara | `-- †Q. meboldi `--o †Mekosuchus |-- †M. inexpectatus |-- †M. sanderi `-- †M. whitehunterensis


    MELINAE - DASSEN - BADGERS
      <==o Melinae |-- †Trochictis |-- †Taxodon |-- †Trochotherium |-- †Melodon |-- †Lartetictis |-- †Adroverictis |-- †Parataxidea |-- †Promeles |-- †Palaeomeles |-- †Sabadellictis |-- †Polgardia |-- †Arctomeles |--o Meles meles [Heterictis, Iranictis] (Dassen - Old World Badgers) | |-- M. m. meles | |-- M. m. amurensis | |-- M. m. ssp.3 ()? | `-- M. m. ssp.4 ()? |-- Arctonyx collaris `--o Melogale (Ferret Badgers) |--+-- M. moschata | `?- M. sorella [ssp.=>M. moschata?] ()? |--+-- M. personata | `?- M. orientalis [ssp.=>M. personata?] `-- M. everetti (Everett's ferretbadger)
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    Zie ook: Das - Badger


    MELLIVORINAE
      <==o Mellivorinae |-- †Dehmictis `--+-- †Hoplictis `--+-- †Ischyrictis `--+-- †Eomellivora [Sivamellivora] `--+-- †Hadrictis `--+-- †Mellalictis `--+-- †Promellivora `--+-- †Beckia `--+-- †Perunium `--+-- †Ferinestrix `--o Mellivora [Ursitaxus] |-- †M. punjabiensis `-- M. capensis (Honingdas, Honey Badger, Ratel)
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    Zie ook: Mellivorinae


    MEPHITINAE - STINKDIEREN - SKUNKS
      <==o Mephitinae |-- †Miomephitis |-- †Plesiomeles |-- †Nannomephitis |-- †Promephitis |-- †Pliogale |-- †Martinogale alveodens |-- †Mesomephitis |-- †Brachyopsigale |-- †Buisnictis |--o Mydaus ()? | |-- (Mydaus) javanensis | `-- (Suillotaxus) marchei |--o Spilogale ()? | |-- S. pygmaea | `--o S. putorius | |-- S. p. putorius | |-- S. p. angustifrons | `-- S. p. gracilis |--o Mephitis ()? | |-- M. mephitis | `-- M. macroura `--+--o Conepatus ()? | |--o C. mesoleucus | | |-- C. m. mesoleucus ()? | | `-- C. m. telmalestes ()? | |-- C. leuconotus | |-- C. semistriatus | |--o C. chinga (chinga) | | |-- C. c. chinga ()? | | `-- C. c. rex ()? | `--o C. humboldtii | |-- C. h. humboldtii | `-- C. h. castaneus [?C. h. castereus] `--+-- †Brachyprotoma `-- †Osmotherium [Pelycictis]
    ----------------------------------------
    Zie ook: Stinkdieren - Skunks


    MERIDIUNGULATA
      <==o †MERIDIUNGULATA |?- †Anagonia |?- †Lambdaconus |?- †Prostylophorus |?- †Trilobodon |?- †Heterolophodon |?- †Acamana |?- †Perutherium [Perutheriidae] |?-o †Amilnedwardsiidae | |-- †Amilnedwardsia | `-- †Rutimeyeria |--o Kollpaniinae | |-- †Andinodus boliviensis | |-- †Escribania chubutensis | |-- †Molinodus suarezi | |-- †Pucanodus gagnieri | |-- †Simoclaenus sylvaticus | `--o †Tiuclaenus [Kollpania tiupampina] | |-- †T. minutus | |-- †T. cotasi | `-- †T. robustus `--+?- †XENUNGULATA |?- †ASTRAPOTHERIA |?- †NOTOUNGULATA `--o †Didolodontidae |?-o †Asmithwoodwardia | `-- †A. scotti |?- †Oxybunotherium |?- †Proectocion |?- †Protheosodon |?- †Salladolodus |-- †Lamegoia conodonta `--+-- †Ernestokokenia nitida [Notoprogonia, Progonia] |-- †Didolodus multicuspis [Enneocodus, Lonchoconus, Paulogervaisia, Cephanodus, Nephacodus, Argyrolambda] `--+-- †Paulacoutoia protocenica `-- †LITOPTERNA [alternative phylogeny]


    MERIONINA
      <==o Merionina |-- †Mascaramys; U.Plioc.-M.Pleist. Af. |--o Meriones [Meriaeus; Idomeneus] [incl. Cheliones; Pallasiomys; Parameriones] (Tamarisk Gerbils, Jirds; Sand Rats) | |-- M. arimalius (Arabian Jird) | |-- M. dahli (Dahl's Jird) | |--o (Cheliones) | | `-- M. (C.) hurrianae (Indian Desert Jird, Indian Desert Gerbil) | |--o (Meriones) | | |-- M. (M.) tamariscinus (Tamarisk Jird) | | |-- M. (M.) tristrami (Tristram's Jird) | | `-- M. (M.) vinogradovi (Vinogradov's Jird) | |--o (Pallasiomys) | | |-- M. (P.) chengi (Cheng's Jird) | | |-- M. (P.) crassus (Sundevall's Gerbil) (Silky Jird, Sundevall's Jird, Swinhoe's Jird) | | |-- M. (P.) libycus (Libische Gerbil) (Libyan Jird) | | |-- M. (P.) meridianus (Chinese Jird, Mid-day Jird) | | |-- M. (P.) sacramenti (Negevgerbil) (Negev Jird) | | |-- M. (P.) shawi (Shaw's Gerbil) (Shaw's Jird) | | |-- M. (P.) unguiculatus (Mongoolse Gerbil) (Mongolian Gerbil, Clawed Jird) | | `-- M. (P.) zarudnyi (Zarudnyi's Gerbil) | `--o (Parameriones) | |-- †M. (P.) obeidiensis | |-- M. (P.) persicus (Perzische Gerbil) (Persian Jird) | `-- M. (P.) rex (King Jird) |--o Rhombomys [Amphiaulacomys] [incl. †Pliorhombomys] U.Plioc.-R. As. | |-- †R. (Pliorhombomys) gromovi | `-- R. (Rhombomys) opimus (Giant Day Gerbil, Great Gerbil) |--o Psammomys [non Psammomys, a syn. of Microdus] [incl. Parameriones (non Parameriones, a jr. syn. of Meriones)] U.Pleist.-R. SWAs., R. Af. | |-- P. obesus (Fat Sand Rat) | `-- P. vexillaris (Pale Sand Rat, Thin Sand Rat) |-- Sekeetamys calurus; R. NEAf., SWAs. (Bushy-tail Jird) `-- Brachiones przewalskii; R. EAs. (Przewalski's Gerbil, Gobi Short-eared Gerbil)


    MESONYCHIA
      <==o <==o MESONYCHIA [Acreodi] (Mesonychians) |--o †Hapalodectidae | |--o †Hapalodectes | | |-- †H. hetengensis | | `-- †H. leptognathus | `--+-- †Hapalorestes | `--+-- †Metahapalodectes | `--+-- †Lohoodon | `-- †Honanodon hebetis `--o †Mesonychidae |?- †Lihoodon |?- †Plagiocristodon |-- †Yantanglestes `--+--o †Hukoutherium | |-- †H. ambigum | `-- †H. shimemensis `--+-- †Dissacusium `--+--o †Dissacus [Hyaenodictis] | |-- †D. argenteus | |-- †D. navajovius | |-- †D. praenuntius | `-- †D. willwoodensis `--+-- †Ankalagon saurognathus `--+-- †Sinonyx jiashanensis `--+--o †Pachyaena | |-- †P. gracilis | |-- †P. ossifraga [incl. P. intermedia] | `-- †P. gigantea `--+-- †Jiangxia `--+-- †Hessolestes ultimus `--+--o †Synoplotherium[Dromocyon] | |-- †S. canius | `-- †S. vorax `--+-- †Mesonyx obtusidens `--+-- †Mongolonyx `--+-- †Guilestes `--+-- †Mongolestes `--o †Harpagolestes |-- †H. macrocephalus `-- †H. orientalis
    -------------------------
  • De Mesonychia


    †METAGNOSTIDAE
      <==o †Metagnostidae [Arthrorhachidae; Geragnostidae; Trinodidae] |--o †Arthrorhachis [Metagnostus; Girvanagnostus] | |-- †A. tardus [Battus tardus] | |-- †A. erraticus [Metagnostus erraticus] | `-- †A. girvanensis [Agnostus girvanensis; Girvanagnostus girvanensis] |--o †Anglagnostus | `-- †A. dux [Agnostus dux] |--o †Chatkalagnostus [Oculagnostus] | |-- †C. mirus | `-- †C. frici [Agnostus frici; Oculagnostus frici] |--o †Corrugatagnostus [Segmentagnostus; Granulatagnostus] | |-- †C. morea [Agnostus morea; Agnostus perrugatus] | |-- †C. caducus [Agnostus caducus; Segmentagnostus caducus] | `-- †C. granulatus [Granulatagnostus granulatus] |--o †Dividuagnostus [Peziziopsis] | |-- †D. minus | |-- †D. typica [Peziziopsis typica] | `-- †D. mccoyi |--o †Galbagnostus | `-- †G. galba [Agnostus galba] |--o †Geragnostella | `-- †G. tullbergi [Agnostus tullbergi] |--o †Geragnostus [Geratrinodus; Neptunagnostella] | |-- †G. sidenbladhi [Agnostus sidenbladhi] | |-- †G. perconvexus [Geratrinodus perconvexus] | `-- †G. consors [Agnostus consors; Neptunagnostella consors] |-- †Granuloagnostus dusli [Agnostus dusli] |--o †Homagnostoides | `-- †H. ferralsensis [Agnostus ferralsensis] `--o †Trinodus `-- †T. agnostiformis


    METATHERIA   BUIDELDIEREN   BUIDELZOOGDIEREN   MARSUPIALS   MARSUPIALIA
      <==o Metatheria (Marsupials and relatives) |?- †Sinodelphys szalayi |-- †Holoclemensia texana [Clemensia] [Holoclemensiidae, Protodelphia] |-- †Deltatheroida [Deltatheralia; Holarctidelphia; Deltatheroidiformes] `--o "Neometatheria" |?- †Aenigmadelphys archeri |?-o †Anchistodelphys | |?- ?†A. delicatus | `-- †A. archibaldi |?- †Neometatheria genera et species indet. [UA8699] L. Cret. Mad. |?= †Boreometatheria (Asiatic and North American Metatheres) [a paraphyletic assemblage of non-Notometatherian Metatheres] `-- Notometatheria (South American and Australian Metatheres, incl. Marsupialia)
    -----------------------
    Metatheria
  • Tree of Life: Metatheria (Marsupialia)
  • Metatheria (Marsupials

    Zie ook: Didelphimorphia - Opossums
    Zie ook: Paucituberculata - Rat Opossums
    Zie ook: Microbiotheria - Bergopossums
    Zie ook: Dasyuromorphia - Carnivorous Marsupials
    Zie ook: Peramelemorphia - Neusbuideldieren
    Zie ook: Notoryctemorphia - Buidelmollen - Marsupial Moles
    Zie ook: Diprotodontia


    METAZOA
      <==o Metazoa (Multicellural Animals) |?- †Archaeocyatha [Cyathospongia; Pleospongia] [enigmatic Cambrian sponges?] |-- Porifera [Parazoa] (Sponges) `--+--o Phagocytellozoa | `--o Placozoa () | `-- Trichoplax adhaerens `--+-- Mesozoa [Rhombozoa] `--+?- Monoblastozoa () `--o Animalia [Eumetazoa] |?- †Ventogyrus |-- Cnidaria [Cridaria (lapsus calami)] () `--+-- Ctenophora () `-- Bilateralia (Bilaterally symmetric animals)


    MICROBIOTHERIA   MICROBIOTHERIIDAE   MONITO del MONTE   COLOCOS   MOUSE OPOSSUM
      <==o Microbiotheria [Dromiciopsia] `--o Microbiotheriidae () |-- †Khasia cordillerensis `--+-- †Mirandatherium alipioi [†Mirandaia alipioi, preoccupied, incl. †Mirandaia ribeiroi] `--+-- †Microbiotherium [†Clenia; †Clenialites; †Eodidelphys; †Hadrorhynchus] `--+-- †Eomicrobiotherium [†Oligobiotherium] `--+-- †Ideodelphys [Ideodidelphys] `--+-- †Pitheculus `-- Dromiciops australis (Monito de Monte) (Little Mountain Monkey)
    --------------------------------------------------
  • Animal Diversity: Order Microbiotheria
  • Animal Diversity: Family Microbiotheriidae
  • Wikipedia: Dromiciops australis (Monito del monte) (Colocolos)
  • Colocolos - Mouse Opossum (Dromiciops australis) (Dromiciops gliroides)

    Zie ook: Zoogdieren   Mammals   Mammalia


    MICROCROSMODONTIDAE
      <==o †MICROCOSMODONTIDAE [Eucosmodontidae: Microcosmodontinae] |?- †Pentacosmodon pronus [could also be a djadochtatheroid] |-- †Acheronodon garbani `--o †Microcosmodon |-- †M. conus |-- †M. rosei |-- †M. arcuatus |-- †M. woodi [is a eucosmodontine?] `-- †M. harleyi


    MICROTIDAE   WOELMUIZEN   VOLES   ARVICOLIDAE
  • Noordse Woelmuis (Microtus oeconomus)
  • Woelmuizen (Rosse Woelmuis, Ondergrondse Woelmuis, Veldmuis, Aardmuis, Woelrat, Muskusrat)
  • DierentuinNet: Woelrat - Water Vole (Arvicola terrestris)
  • The Water Vole
  • De Muskusrat (Bisamrat) (Ondatra zibethica)
  • Common Muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus)
  • Everything Muskrat

    Zie ook: Microtus


    MICROTUS
      <==o Microtus ; U.Plioc.-R. As. Eu. NA., R. Af. CA. (Voles) |--o (Orthriomys) | `-- M. (O.) umbrosus [Microdus (Phaiomys) umbrosus] (Zempoaltepec Vole) |--+--o (Phaiomys) [†Allophaiomys; Microtus (Phaiomys)] | | `?- M. (P.) leucurus [Pitymys leucurus] | `--o †(Allophaiomys) | |-- †M. (A.) deucalion | |-- †M. (A.) terrae-rubrae | `---- †M. (A.) pliocaenicus [incl. M. (P.) guildayi)] `--+?-+--o (Pedomys) | | |-- †M. (P.) australis | | `-- M. (P.) ochrogaster [M. (Allophaiomys) llanensis; †M. (P.) mcnowni [incl. M. (P.) aratai, M. (P.) hibbardi, synon. to M. (P.) nemoralis?] (Prairie Vole) | `--+--+-- †M. (Allophaiomys) guildayi | | `--+-- †M. (Allophaiomys) llanensis | | `--o (Pitymys) | | |?- †M. (P.) hintoni | | |-- †M. (P.) cumberlandensis | | `-- M. (P.) pinetorum | `--+--o “Herpetomys” [Microtus (Pitymys) quasiater -group] (Jalapan Pine Vole)) | | |-- †M. (“H.”) meadensis | | `--+-- †M. (“H.”) mcnowni | | `--+-- M. (“H.”) quasiater (Jalapan Pine Vole) | | |-- M. (“H.”) guatemalensis (Guatemalan Vole) | | |-- M. (“H.”) oaxacensis (Tarabundi Vole) | | `-- †M. (“H.”) aratai | `--+-- †M. (Allophaiomys) nutiensis 1 | `--+-- †M. (Allophaiomys) pitymyoides | `--+?-o (Neodon) | | |-- M. (N.) juldaschi (Juniper Vole) | | |-- M. (N.) sikimensis [Pitymys sikimensis] (Sikkim Vole) | | `-- M. (N.) irene (Chinese Scrub Vole) | |?-o Blanfordimys [Microtus (Blanfordimys)]; R. As. | | |-- B. afghanus | | `-- B. bucharicus | `--o (Terricola) | |?- M. (T.) bavaricus (Bavarian Pine Vole) | |--+-- †M. (T.) chalinei | | `--+-- M. (T.) duodecimcostatus Mediterranean Pine Vole) | | `-- M. (T.) lusitanicus (Lusitanian Pine Vole) | |--+-- †M. (T.) melitensis | | `--+-- †M. (T.) tarentina | | `-- M. (T.) savii (Savi's Pine Vole) | `--+-- †M. (T.) arvalidens | |?- M. (T.) felteni (Felten's Vole) | |-- M. (T.) thomasi (Thomas's Pine Vole) | |--o M. (T.) subterraneus -group | | |-- M. (T.) subterraneus (European Pine Vole) | | |-- M. (T.) majori (Major's Pine Vole) | | |-- M. (T.) daghestanicus (Daghestan Pine Vole) | | `-- M. (T.) nasarovi (Nasarov's Vole) | `--o M. (T.) multiplex -group | |--+-- †M. (T.) vaufreyi | | `--+-- M. (T.) tatricus(Tatra Pine Vole) | | `--o M. (T.) multiplex (Alpine Pine Vole) | | |-- M. (T.) m. multiplex | | `-- M. (T.) m. liechtensteini | `--+-- †M. (T.) vergrannensis | `--+-- †M. (T.) mariaclaudiae | `-- M. (T.) pyrenaicus `?-+-- †M. (Allophaiomys) nutiensis 2 `--+-- †M. (Allophaiomys) burgondiae |-- †M. (Tibericola) jordanica [Allophaiomys jordanica] |--+-- †M. (Allophaiomys) vandermauleni | `--o (Chionomys) [Chionomys]; M.Pleist.-R. Eu., R. As. | |-- M. (C.) nivalis | `--+-- M. (C.) roberti | `-- M. (C.) gud |?-o (Stenocranius) | |-- M. (S.) middendorffi (Middendorf's Vole) | `--+-- M. (S.) miurus (Singing Vole) | |-- M. (S.) abbreviatus (Insular Vole) | `--o M. (S.) gregalis (Narrow-headed Vole) | |-- M. (S.) g. major | `-- M. (S.) g. gregalis |?-o (Aulacomys) | `-- M. (A.) richardsoni (Water Vole) `--o (Microtus) [Eur-Asian Microdus?] |?- †M. minoeconomus |?- †M. deterrai |--+-- †M. paroperarius | |-- †M. epiratticepoides | |-- †M. deceitensis | `--o M. oeconomus [incl. M. epiratticeps; M. operarius] (Tundra Vole) | |-- M. o. kharanurensis | `-- M. o. oecomomus `--+-- †M. ratticepoides [cf. Microtus spiratticeps] |-- M. breweri (Beach Vole) |-- M. cabrerae (Cabrera's Vole) |-- M. californicus (California Vole) |-- M. calamorum |-- M. evoronensis (Evorsk Vole) |-- M. fortis (Reed Vole) |-- M. gerbei (Gerbe's Vole) |-- M. guentheri (Gunther's Vole) |-- M. hyperboreus (North Siberian Vole) |-- M. irani (Persian Vole) |-- M. kermanensis (Baluchistan Vole) |-- M. kirgisorum (Tien Shan Vole) |--o M. limnophilus (Lacustrine Vole) | |-- M. l. limnophilus | `-- M. l. malygini |-- M. mandarinus (Mandarin Vole) |-- M. millicens (Szechuan Vole) |-- M. mujanensis mujanensis (Muisk Vole) |-- M. obscurus (Altai Vole) |-- M. oregoni (Creeping Vole) |-- M. sachalinensis (Sakhalin Vole) |-- M. schelkovnikovi (Schelkovnikov's Pine Vole) |-- M. socialis (Social Vole) |-- M. transcaspicus (Transcaspian Vole) |--o M. agrestis -group | |-- M. agrestis (Field Vole) (Aardmuis) | |-- M. pennsylvanicus (Meadow Vole) | |-- M. chrotorrhinus (Rock Vole) | `-- M. xanthognathus (Aiga Vole) `--o M. arvalis -group |-- M. arvalis (Common Vole) |-- M. rossiaemeridionalis (Southern Vole) |-- M. montebelli (Japanese Grass Vole) |-- M. mongolicus (Mongolian Vole) |-- M. maximowiczii (Maximowicz's Vole) |-- M. longicaudus (Long-tailed Vole) |-- M. townsendii (Townsend's Vole) |-- M. montanus (Montane Vole) |-- M. canicaudus (Gray-tailed Vole) |-- M. mordax (Mountain Vole.) `-- M. mexicanus (Mexican vole)
    -------------------------------------
  • Microtus agrestis (Aardmuis)
  • Meadow vole, Microtus pennsylvanicus
  • Microtus kikuchii and M. montebelli
  • Microtus xanthognathus
  • Natuurbeleving: Veldmuis (Microtus arvalis)
  • Microtus nivalis
  • The prairie vole (Microtus ochrogaster)
  • Orkney vole, subspecies of the common vole (Microtus arvalis)
  • Microtus pinetorum (Woodland Vole)
  • Microtus townsendii (Townsend's Vole) and Oregon Vole
  • Montane Voles (Microtus montanus), Long-tailed Voles (Microtus longicaudus), Mexican Voles (Microtus mexicanus), Prairie Voles (Microtus ochrogaster)
  • Microtus richardsoni
  • Microtus oeconomus (Tundra Vole) (Noordse Woelmuis)
  • Microtus assateague
  • Microtus fortis
  • Microtus montanus
  • Microtus californicus
  • Microtus gregalis
  • Red-backed vole
  • Microtus cabrerae
  • Microtus lusitanicus
  • Longtail Vole (Microtus longicaudus)
  • Amargosa Vole (Microtus californicus scirpensis)
  • Microtus güntheri (Levant Vole)
  • Microtus majori


    MIERENEGELS   TACHYGLOSSIDAE   ECHIDNAS   SPINY ANTEATERS
  • Animal Diversity: Tachyglossidae - Echidnas = Spiny Anteaters
  • Dierentuin.Net: Mierenegels
  • Echidnas - Spiny Anteaters
  • Short-beaked Echidna (Tachyglossus aculeatus)
  • Long-beaked Echidna (Zaglossus bruijni)

    Zie ook: Zoogdieren   Mammals   Mammalia
    Zie ook: Cloacadieren   Monotremata   Monotremes


    MONGOE   DWERG MONGOE   MONGOOSE   DWARF MONGOOSE
  • Mongoe - Dwerg Mongoe   Mongoose - Dwarf Mongoose

    Zie ook: Civetkatten   Civet   Viverridae


    MOLLUSCA   WEEKDIEREN en SCHELPEN   MOLLUSCS and SHELLS
      Phylum Mollusca Subphylum Aculifera (Shell-less, Worm-like Molluscs) (Weekdieren) (Molluscs) Klasse Aplacophora (Shell-less, Worm-like Molluscs) Klasse Polyplacophora (Keverslakken) Subphylum Conchifera (Schelpen, Schelpdragers) (Shells) Klasse Bivalvia (Tweekleppigen) (Bivalves) Klasse Cephalopoda (Inktvissen) (Cephalopods) Klasse Gastropoda (Slakken) (Gastropods, Slugs, and Snails) Klasse Monoplacophora Klasse Scaphopoda (Tandschelpen, Stoottanden) (Scaphopods, Tusk Shells)
    --------------------------------------------
  • ANM - Atlas Nederlandse Mollusken
  • Nederlandse Malacologische Vereniging
  • Vita Marina & Spirula


    MONGOLOCHAMOPIDAE
      <==o †Mongolochamopidae [Macrocephalosauridae: Mongolochamopinae] |-- †Chilingosaurus |-- †Buckantaus |-- †Gerontoseps |-- †Socognathus |-- †Sphenosiagon |-- †Mongolochamops reshetovi. |-- †Altanteius facilis |-- †Gobinatus arenosus |-- †Parameiva oculea |-- †Prodenteia ministra |-- †Pyramicephalosaurus cherminicus [Piramicephalosaurus cherminicus] |-- †Tchingisaurus multivagus |-- †Barungoia vasta |-- †Dzhadochtosaurus giganteus |-- †Conicodontosaurus djadochtaensis `--o †Curvansaurus |-- †C. canaliculatus `-- †C. potissimus


    MONODELPHINAE
      <==o Monodelphinae [Didelphidae: Didelphinae: Monodelphini ] ()? |-- †Zygolestes paramensis [Zygolestini ] `--o Monodelphini () |--o Marmosa ()? [9 sp.] | |-- (Stegomarmosa) andersoni (Anderson's Mouse Opossum) | `--o (Marmosa) | |-- M. (M.) murina () | |-- M. (M.) rubra (Red Mouse Opossum) | |-- M. (M.) tyleriana (Tyler's Mouse Opossum) | |-- M. (M.) quichua ()? | |-- M. (M.) robinsoni (Robinson's Mouse Opossum) | |-- M. (M.) xerophila (pale Mouse Opossum) | `-- M. (M.) mexicana (Mexican Mouse Opossum) `--+-- Tlacuatzin canescens (Grayish Mouse Opossum) |--o Grymaeomys [Gracilinanus] ()? | |-- G. microtarsus [Gracilinanus microtarsus] ()? | |-- G. agilis [Gracilinanus agilis] (Agile Opossum)? | |-- G. marica (Northern Gracile Opossum)? | |-- G. unduaviensis ()? | |-- G. aceramarcea (Bolivian Gracile Opossum)? | `-- G. dryas (Woodsprite Gracile Opossum)? `--+--o Monodelphis U. Mioc. R. SA [17] | |--o (Monodelphis) (Short-tailed Opossums) [13] | | |-- M. (M.) brevicaudata (Northern Red-sided Opossum) | | |-- M. (M.) orinoci ()? | | |-- M. (M.) adusta (Andean Short-tailed Opossum) | | |-- M. (M.) osgoodi (Highland Short-tailed Opossum) | | |-- M. (M.) kunsi (Pygmy Short-tailed Opossum) | | |-- M. (M.) domestica (Gray Short-tailed Opossum) | | |-- M. (M.) maraxina (Marajo's Short-tailed Opossum) | | |-- M. (M.) americana (Northern Three-striped Opossum) | | |-- M. (M.) sorex (Southern Red-sided Opossum) | | |-- M. (M.) emiliae (Amazonian Short-tailed Opossum) | | |-- M. (M.) iheringi (Ihering's Three-striped Opossum) | | |-- M. (M.) theresa (Southern Three-striped Opossum) | | `-- M. (M.) unistriata (Single-striped Opossum) | `--o (Minuania) ()? [4] | |-- M. (M.) rubida (Faint-striped Opossum) | |-- M. (M.) scalops (Long-snouted Opossum) | |-- M. (M.) dimidiata (Yellow-sided Opossum) | `-- M. (M.) fosteri ()? `--+-- †Thylatheridium |?- Chacodelphys formosa `--+--o Thylamys [incl. Lestodelphys?] ()? [10] | |-- T. elegans (Elegant Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum) | |-- T. grisea ()? | |-- T. tatei (Tate's Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum) | |-- T. macrura (Paraguayan Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum) | |--+-- T. pallidior (White-bellied Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum) | | `?- Lestodelphys halli (Patagonian Opossum) | |-- T. pusilla (Common Fat-tailed Opossum) | |-- T. velutina (Dwarf Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum) | |-- T. venustus (Buff-bellied Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum) | |-- T. karimii (Karimi's Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum)? | |-- T. emiliae (Emilia's Gracile Opossum)? | `-- T. agricolai ()? [Lestodelphys ; Notodelphys] () `--+--o Micoureus [Micoures] ()? [10 sp.] | |-- M. cinerea [?Marmosa cinerea] ()? | |-- M. alstoni (Alston's Woolly Mouse Opossum) | |-- M. domina ()? | |-- M. constantiae (White-bellied Woolly Mouse Opossum) | |-- M. mapiriensis ()? | |-- M. rapposa ()? | |-- M. germana ()? | |-- M. regina (Bare-tailed Woolly Mouse Opossum) | |-- M. paraguayanus (Tate's Woolly Mouse Opossum) | |-- M. phaea (Little Woolly Mouse Opossum) | `-- M. demerarae (Woolly Mouse Opossum) `?-o Marmosops (Slender Mouse Opossums) [20 sp.] |-- M. yungasensis ()? |-- M. leucastra ()? |-- M. ocellata (Bolivian Slender Mouse Opossum) |-- M. incana ()? |-- M. scapulata ()? |-- M. invicta (Panama Slender Mouse Opossum) |-- M. fuscata (Gray-bellied Slender Mouse Opossum) |-- M. cracens (Narrow-headed Slender Mouse Opossum) |-- M. impavida ()? |-- M. lepida [Marmosa lepida] (Little Rufous Mouse Opossum) |-- M. dorothea (Dorothy's Slender Mouse Opossum) |-- M. fuscatus (Dusky Slender Mouse Opossum) |-- M. handleyi (Handley's Slender Mouse Opossum) |-- M. impavidus (Tschudi's Slender Mouse Opossum) |-- M. incanus (Gray Slender Mouse Opossum) |-- M. invictus (Panama's Slender Mouse Opossum) |?- M. noctivagus (White-bellied Slender Mouse Opossum) `-- M. parvidens (Delicate Slender Mouse Opossum)
    Thylamys cinderella (Cinderella Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum)
    Monodelphis dimidiata (Yellow-sided Opossum)
    Monodelphis glirina (Amazonian Red-sided Opossum)
    Monodelphis palliolata (Hooded Red-sided Opossum)
    Monodelphis ronaldi (Peruvian Short-tailed Opossum)
    Monodelphis rubida (Chestnut-striped Opossum)
    Monodelphis scalops (Long-nosed Short-tailed Opossum)
    Monodelphis umbristriata (Red Three-striped Opossum)
    Marmosops bishopi (Bishop's Slender Mouse Opossum)
    Marmosops creightoni (Voss' Slender Mouse Opossum)
    Marmosops juninensis (Junin Slender Opossum)
    Marmosops neblina (Neblina Slender Opossum)
    Marmosops paulensis (Brazilian Slender Mouse Opossum)
    Marmosops pinheiroi (Pinheiro's Slender Mouse Opossum)
    ----------------------------------------------

    Genus Marmosa:

  • Marmosa murina - Marmosa canescens - Marmosa mexicana - Marmosa robinsoni - Marmosa lepida
  • Alston's Opossum (Marmosa alstoni)
  • White-bellied Woolly Mouse Opossum (Marmosa constantiae) (Micoureus constantiae)
  • Mouse Opossum (Marmosa elegans)
  • Mexican Mouse Opossum (Marmosa mexicana)
  • Murine Opossum (Marmosa murina)
  • Murine Opossum (Marmosa murina)
  • Pygmy Mouse Opossum (Marmosa robinsoni)

    Genus Marmosops:

  • Marmosops incanus - Marmosops noctivagus - Marmosops parvidens
  • Marmosops incanus

    Genus Monodelphis:

  • Monodelphis - Short-tailed Opossums
  • Monodelphinae
  • Monodelphis domestica
  • Gray Short-tailed opossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • Short-tailed Opossum (Monodelphis brevicaudata)
  • Three-striped Short-tailed Opossum (Monodelphis americana)
  • Monodelphis adusta - Monodelphis domestica - Monodelphis kunsi - Monodelphis osgoodi - Monodelphis scalops - Monodelphis emiliae - Monodelphis americana - Monodelphis brevicaudata

    Genus Thylamus (incl Lestodelphys):

  • Thylamys elegans - Thylamys pallidor - Thylamys pusillus - Thylamys venustus
  • Thylamys pusilla - Thylamys venustus - Thylamys pallidor


    MONOTREMATA   CLOACADIEREN   MONOTREMES   EIERLEGGENDE ZOOGDIEREN   SNAVELDIEREN   EGG-LAYING MAMMALS
      Class Mammalia (Mammals) Prototheria (Egg-laying Mammals) Order Monotremata (Monotremes) Family Ornithorhynchidae (Platypus) Family Tachyglossidae (Echidnas and Spiny Anteaters)
    ----------------------------------------------
  • Wikipedia: Cloacadieren
  • NCRV: Walking with Beasts: Monotremata
  • Animal Diversity: Order Monotremata
  • Tree of Life: Monotremata (Platypus and Echidnas)
  • Monotremes - Egg-laying Mammals

    Zie ook: Vogelbekdier   Platypus   Ornithorhynchidae
    Zie ook: Mierenegels   Tachyglossidae


    MOPS
      <==o Mops ()? |--o (Xiphonycteris) ()? [6] | |-- M. (X.) spurrelli ()? | |-- M. (X.) nanulus ()? | |-- M. (X.) petersoni ()? | |-- M. (X.) leonis ()? | |-- M. (X.) brachypterus ()? | `-- M. (X.) thersites ()? `--o (Mops) ()? [9] |-- M. (M.) condylurus ()? |-- M. (M.) niveiventer ()? |-- M. (M.) demonstrator ()? |-- M. (M.) mops |--o M. (M.) sarasinorum ()? | `-- M. (M.) s. lanei ()? |-- M. (M.) trevori ()? |?- M. (M.) niangarae ()? |-- M. (M.) congica ()? `-- M. (M.) midas ()?


    †MORGANUCODONTIDAE
      <==o †MORGANUCODONTIDAE |?- †Gondwanadon tapani |?- †Holwellconodon problematicus |?- †Indotherium pranhitai [incl. Indozostrodon simpsoni ] |--o †Morganucodon [Eozostrodon??] | |-- †M. oehleri [incl. M. heikuopengensis??; †Eozostrodon oehleri] | |-- †M. peyeri | |-- †M. heikuopengensis [Eozostrodon heikuopengensis] | `-- †M. watsoni [†Eozostrodon watsoni] |-- †Eozostrodon parvus [incl. E. problematicus] [Morganucodon parvus??] |-- †Helvetiodon schuetzi [Helveticodon Tatarinov, 1985] `-- †Erythrotherium parringtoni =============== †MORGANUCODONTIDAE |--o †Docodonta | |-- †Megazostrodontidae | `-- †Docodontidae `--o †Hadrocodium `--o †Symmetrodonta |-- †Kuehneotheriidae `-- Mammalia


    MORMOPTERUS
      <==o Mormopterus ()? |-- †(Neomops) faustoi [Neomops] |--o †(Hydromops) | |-- †M. (H.) stehlinni | |-- †M. (H.) helveticus | `-- †M. (H.) nonghenensis |--o (Mormopterus) sensu stricto ()? | |-- M. (M.) acetabulosus ()? | |-- M. (M.) jugularis ()? | |?- M. (M.) sp. ()? | |-- M. (M.) doriae ()? | |-- M. (M.) kalinowskii ()? | |-- M. (M.) phrudus ()? | `-- M. (M.) minutus ()? `--o (Micronomus) ()? |-- M. (M.) petersi |-- M. (M.) planiceps |-- M. (M.) loriae ()? |-- M. (M.) norfolkensis()? `--o M. (M.) beccarii ()? `-- M. (M. ) b. astrolabiensis ()?


    MOSCHIDAE   MUSK DEER   MUSKUS HERTEN
      <==o Moschidae |?- †Hispanomeryx |--o †Dremotherium [Dromotheriinae] | `-- †D. guthi `--+--o †Blastomerycinae | |-- †Blastomeryx [Parablastomeryx, Problastomeryx, Pseudoblastomeryx] | |-- †Machaeromeryx | `-- †Longirostromeryx `--o Moschinae |-- †Micromeryx [Orygotherium] `--o Moschus ()? |--o M. chrysogaster | |-- M. c. sifanicus | `-- M. c. chrysogaster()? |-- M. leucogaster [ssp.=>M. chrysogaster] ()? |-- M. fuscus |-- M. berezovskii `-- M. moschiferus
    ----------------------------------------------------------
  • Animal Diversity: Moschidae Moschus:
    Moschus chrysogaster (Himalayan Musk Deer):
    Moschus moschiferus (Musk Deer):


    MUGGEN   MOSQUITOS

  • Mosquitos
  • Anti-muggen, alles tegen muggen


    MUILDIER   MULE   MUILEZEL   HINNY
    Muildier: het kruisingsproduct van een ezelhengst en een paardenmerrie
    Muilezel: de bastaard van een paardenhengst en een ezelmerrie. Een muilezel is over het algemeen kleiner en lijkt meer op een paard
  • Mule Homepage
  • Hinny and Mule

    Zie ook: Ezels   Donkeys
    Zie ook: Paarden   Horses
    Zie ook: Paarden & Zebra's   Horses & Zebras
    Zie ook: Echte Paarden & True Horses   Equus


    MUIZEN   MICE

    Zie ook: Muridae - Ware Muizen - Ratten en Muizen
    Zie ook: Murinae - Muisachtigen - Ratten en Muizen
    Zie ook: Spalacidae - Blinde Muizen
    Zie ook: Zapodidae - Slingermuizen (Huppelmuizen)
    Zie ook: Soricidae - Spitsmuizen
    Zie ook: Dipodidae - Springmuisachtigen
    Zie ook: Gliridae - Slaapmuisachtigen
    Zie ook: Microtidae (Arvicolidae) - Hamsters en Woelmuisachtigen (Crecetitdae)

  • Rodent Dictionary: Real Mice


    MUIZEN en RATTEN van de NIEUWE WERELD   NEW WORLD RATS and MICE

    Vroeger: 1 (grote) onderfamilie: Sigmodontinae

    Sinds begin 21e eeuw: 3 aparte onderfamilies:
                                                          Neotominae
                                                          Sigmodontinae
                                                          Tylomyinae
    ---------------------------------------------------

  • Wikipedia: Muizen en Ratten van de Nieuwe Wereld


    †MULTITUBERCULATA
      <==o †MULTITUBERCULATA |--+-- †Arginbaatar dimitrievae [Arginbaataridae] | `--+-- †Glirodon grandis | `--+-- †Zofiabaatar [Zofiabaataridae] | `--o †Allodontidae | |--o †Ctenacodon | | |-- †C. nanus | | |-- †C. laticeps | | |-- †C. scindens | | |-- †C. serratus | | `?- †C. falconeri [=? Plagiaulax falconeri] | `--o †Psalodon | |-- †P. fortis [Allodon fortis] | |-- †P. potens [Ctenacodon potens] | `?- †P. marshi `--+--o †Paulchoffatioidea | |?-o †Hahnodontidae [are Haramiyidans] | | |-- †Hahnodon taqueti [=? H. purbeckensis] | | `-- †Denisodon moroccensis | |-- †Paulchoffatiidae | `--o †Pinheirodontidae | |-- †Pinheirodon | |-- †Bernardodon | |-- †Ecprepaulax | |-- †Gerhardodon | |-- †Iberodon | `-- †Lavocatia alfambrensis `--+-- †Plagiaulacidae [incl. Bolodontidae] |?- †Hahnotherium antiquum [Hahnotheriidae] |--+?- †Kermackodon multicuspis [Kermackodontidae] | `--o †Albionbaataridae | |-- †Proalbionbaatar plagiocyrtus | `-- †Albionbaatar `--+--o †Eobaataridae | |?- †Monobaatar mimicus | |-- †Loxaulax valdensis [incl.? Parendotherium herreroi] | |-- †Parendotherium herreroi [is a bolodontid??] | `--o †Eobaatar | |-- †E. hispanicus | |-- †E. magnus | `-- †E. minor `-- †Cimolodonta


    MUNTIACINAE   MUNTJAKS   MUNTJACS
      <==o Muntiacinae (Muntjaks, Muntjaca) |--o †Lagomerycini | |-- †Procervulus | `-- †Lagomeryx [Heterocemas] `--+--o †Dicrocerini | |-- †Acteocemas | |-- †Stephanocemas | |-- †Dicrocerus [Euprox, Heteroprox] | |-- †Palaeoplatyceras | |-- †Euprox | |-- †Paradicrocerus | |-- †Heteroprox | |-- †Oschinotherium | |-- †Amphiprox | `-- †Platycemas |--o Muntiacini | |-- †Paracervulus | |--o Muntiacus ()? | | |--o M. reevesi [2 ssp.] | | | |-- M. r. ssp.1 ()? | | | `-- M. r. ssp.2 ()? | | |-- M. rooseveltorum [ssp.=> M. feae?] | | |-- M. crinifrons (Zwarte Muntjak) | | |--o M. feae | | | `-- M. f. feae | | |-- M. muntjak (Kidangi) | | |-- M. atherodes (Bornean Yellow Muntjac) | | |-- M. gongshanensis (Gongshan Muntjac) | | `?- M. putaoensis (Bladmuntjak) | |-- †Eostylocerus | |-- †Metacervulus [Paracervulus] | `-- Elaphodus cephalophus `--o Megamuntiacus `--Megamuntiacus vuquanghensis (Indochinese Muntjak)
    -------------------------------------------------------------
  • Animaldiversity: Cervidae => Muntiacinae
    Genus Megamuntiacus:
    Megamuntiacus vuquanghensis (Indochinese muntjak):
  • Discovery Planet: Truong Son Muntjak
    Genus Muntiacus:
    Muntiacus crinifrons (Zwarte muntjak):
    Muntiacus putaoensis (Bladmuntjak):
  • Discovery Planet: De Bladmuntjak (Muntiacus putaoensis)
    Muntiacus reevesi:
  • Deer UK: Reeves Muntjac (Muntiacus reevesi)
  • DierentuinNet: Muntjak - Blafhert
  • De Muntjak
    ----
  • Discovery Planet: Reuzenmuntjak

    Zie ook: Hertachtigen   Cervidae


    MURINAE   MUISACHTIGEN - MUIZEN en RATTEN van de OUDE WERELD - OLD WORLD RATS and MICE
      <==o Murinae (Muisachtigen, Muizen en Ratten van de Oude Wereld) (Old World Rats and Mice) |?-o Deomyinae (Acomyinae) |?-o “Philippine relics” | |--o Phloeomys (Giant Cloud Rats) | | |-- P. cumingi (Bonte Reuzenschorsrat) (Southern Luzon Giant Cloud Rat) | | `-- P. pallidus (Northern Luzon Giant Cloud Rat, Northern Luzon Slender-tailed Cloud Rat) | |--o Crateromys (Bushy-tailed Cloud Rats, Hairy-tailed Cloud Rats) | | |-- C. australis | | |-- C. heaneyi (Panay Bushy-tailed Cloud Rat, Panay Cloud Runner) | | |-- C. paulus (Ilinnevelrat) (Ilin Hairy-tailed Cloud rat) | | `-- C. schadenbergi (Schadenbergschorsrat) (Luzon Bushy-tailed Cloud Rat) | |--o Batomys (Mindanaomys) [3] | | |-- B. dentatus (Large-toothed Hairy-tailed Rat) | | |-- B. granti (Luzon Hairy-tailed Rat) | | |-- B. russatus (Batomys sp. A) (Dinagat Hairy-tailed Cloud Rat) | | `-- B. salomonseni (Mindanao Hairy-tailed Rat) | `--o Carpomys (Tree Rats) [2] | |-- C. melanurus (Short-footed Luzon Tree Rat) | `-- C. phaeurus (White-bellied Tree Rat) |?-o “Praomys -group” | |--o Praomys [9] | | |-- P. delectorum | | |-- P. hartwigi | | |-- P. jacksoni | | |-- P. minor | | |-- P. misonnei | | |-- P. morio (Harlekijnbosmuis) | | |-- P. mutoni | | |-- (P. natalensis, zie: Mastomys natalensis) | | |-- P. rostratus | | `-- P. tullbergi | |--o Zelotomys [2] | | |-- Z. hildegardeae | | `-- Z. woosnami | |--o Mastomys [8] | | |-- M. angolensis | | |-- M. coucha | | |-- M. erythroleucus | | |-- M. hildebrandtii | | |-- M. natalensis (Veeltepelmuis, Reuzenmuis, Veeltepelrat van Natal, Veeltepelrat, Zachtpelsrat, Afrikaanse Zachtpelsrat, Gewone Afrikaaanse Rat, Rat van Natal) | | |-- M. pernanus | | |-- M. shortridgei | | `-- M. verheyeni | |--o Myomys [7] | | |-- M. albipes | | |-- M. daltoni | | |-- M. derooi | | |-- M. fumatus | | |-- M. ruppi | | |-- M. verreauxii | | `-- M. yemeni | |--o Hylomyscus [7] | | |-- H. aeta | | |-- H. alleni | | |-- H. baeri | | |-- H. carillus | | |-- H. denniae | | |-- H. parvus | | `-- H. stella | |--o Stenocephalomys [Stenocephalemys lapsus calami?] [2] | | |-- S. albocaudata | | `-- S. griseicauda | |--o Colomys | | `-- C. goslingi | `--o Heimyscus | `-- H. fumosus |?-o “Australasian group” [Hydromyinae] | |--o “Philippine relics II” | | |--o Apomys [8] | | | |-- A. abrae | | | |-- A. datae | | | |-- A. hylocoetes | | | |-- A. insignis | | | |-- A. littoralis | | | |-- A. microdon | | | |-- A. musculus | | | `-- A. sacobianus | | `--+--o Chrotomys [3] | | | |-- C. gonzalesi | | | |-- C. mindorensis | | | `-- C. whiteheadi | | |--o Rhynchomys [2] | | | |-- R. isarogensis | | | `-- R. soricoides | | |-- Archboldomys luzonensis | | `--o Celaenomys | | `-- C. silaceus | |--o “New Guinea group” | | |--o Hyomys | | | |-- H. dammermani | | | `-- H. goliath | | |-- Anisomys imitator | | |--+--o Chiruromys | | | | |-- C. forbesi | | | | |-- C. lamia | | | | `-- C. vates | | | `--o Pogonomys | | | |-- P. championi | | | |-- P. loriae | | | |-- P. macrourus | | | `-- P. sylvestris | | |--o Coccymys | | | |-- C. albidens | | | `-- C. ruemmleri | | |--o Mallomys | | | |-- M. aroaensis | | | |-- M. gunung | | | |-- M. istapantap | | | `-- M. rothschildi | | `--o Macruromys | | |-- M. elegans | | `-- M. major | `--o Hydromyini [incl. Conilurini] | |--o Conilurini | | |--o Conilurus | | | |-- C. albipes | | | `-- C. penicillatus | | |--o Leporillus | | | |-- L. apicalis | | | `-- L. conditor | | `--o Mesembriomys | | |-- M. gouldii | | `-- M. macrurus | |--+-- Mastacomys | | |-- Pseudomys [25] | | `--o Notomys [9] | | |-- N. alexis | | |-- N. amplus | | |-- N. aquilo | | |-- N. cervinus | | |-- N. fuscus | | |-- N. longicaudatus | | |-- N. macrotis | | |-- N. mitchellii | | `-- N. mordax | |--o Zyzomys | | |-- Z. argurus | | |-- Z. maini | | |-- Z. palatilis | | |-- Z. pedunculatus | | `-- Z. woodwardi | |--o Leggadina | | |-- L. forresti | | `-- L. lakedownensis | |--o Uromys | | |-- U. anak | | |-- U. caudimaculatus | | |-- U. hadrourus | | |-- U. imperator | | |-- U. neobritanicus | | |-- U. porculus | | `-- U. rex | |--+--o Solomys | | | |-- S. ponceleti | | | |-- S. salamonis | | | |-- S. salebrosus | | | |-- S. sapientis | | | `-- S. spriggsarum | | `--o Melomys | | |-- M. aerosus | | |-- M. bougainville | | |-- M. burtoni | | |-- M. capensis | | |-- M. cervinipes | | |-- M. fellowsi | | |-- M. fraterculus | | |-- M. gracilis | | |-- M. lanosus | | |-- M. leucogaster | | |-- M. levipes | | |-- M. lorentzii | | |-- M. mollis | | |-- M. moncktoni | | |-- M. obiensis | | |-- M. platyops | | |-- M. rattoides | | |-- M. rubex | | |-- M. rubicola | | |-- M. rufescens | | `-- M. spechti | `--o Hydromyini sensu stricto? | |--+-- Mayermys ellermani | | |-- Neohydromys fuscus | | |--o Pseudohydromys | | | |-- P. murinus | | | `-- P. occidentalis | | |--o Microhydromys | | | |-- M. musseri | | | `-- M. richardsoni | | `--o Paraleptomys | | |-- P. rufilatus | | `-- P. wilhelmina | |--+-- Xeromys myoides | | |--o Crossomys | | | `-- C. moncktoni | | `--o Leptomys | | |-- L. elegans | | |-- L. ernstmayri | | `-- L. signatus | `--+-- Parahydromys asper | `--o Hydromys | |-- H. chrysogaster | |-- H. habbema | |-- H. hussoni | |-- H. neobrittanicus | `-- H. shawmayeri |?-o Anisomyini |?-o “Arvicanthines” | |--o Aethomys [10] | | |-- A. bocagei | | |-- A. chrysophilus | | |-- A. granti | | |-- A. hindei | | |-- A. kaiseri | | |-- A. namaquensis | | |-- A. nyikae | | |-- A. silindensis (!!"selindan") | | |-- A. stannarius | | `-- A. thomasi | |--o Lemniscomys [10] | | |-- L. barbarus | | |-- L. bellieri | | |-- L. griselda | | |-- L. hoogstraali | | |-- L. linulus | | |-- L. macculus | | |-- L. mittendorfi | | |-- L. rosalia | | |-- L. roseveari | | `-- L. striatus | |--o Grammomys [11] | | |-- G. aridulus | | |-- G. buntingi | | |-- G. caniceps | | |-- G. cometes | | |-- G. dolichurus | | |-- G. dryas | | |-- G. gigas | | |-- G. ibeanus | | |-- G. macmillani | | |-- G. minnae | | `-- G. rutilans | |--o Oenomys [2] | | |-- O. hypoxanthus | | `-- O. ornatus | |--o Thallomys | | |-- T. loringi | | |-- T. nigricauda | | |-- T. paedulcus | | `-- T. shortridgei | |--+-- Stochomys longicaudatus | | `--o Hybomys [6] | | |-- H. basilii | | |-- H. eisentrauti | | |-- H. lunaris | | |-- H. planifrons | | |-- H. trivirgatus | | `-- H. univittatus | |--+-- Desmomys harringtoni | | `--o Rhabdomys | | `-- R. pumilio | `--+-- Mylomys dybowskii | |--o Arvicanthus [5] | | |-- A. abyssinicus | | |-- A. blicki | | |-- A. nairobae | | |-- A. neumanni | | `-- A. niloticus | `--+--o Pelomys [5] | | |-- P. campanae | | |-- P. fallax | | |-- P. hopkinsi | | |-- P. isseli | | `-- P. minor | `?-o Otomyini (Laminate-toothed Rats) | |--o †Euryotomys | | |-- †E. pelymoides | | `-- †E. bolti | `--o Parotomys (Whistling Rats) [2] | |-- P. brantsii | `--+-- P. littledalei | `--o Otomys sensu stricto [non Otomys (syn. of Malacothrix, a dentromurine (?Muridae: Dendromurinae)] [12] | |?- †O. sp. cf. O. sloggetti | |?- †O. sp. cf. O. petteri | |-- O. sloggetti | `--+--+-- †O. sp. cf. O. gracilis | | `-- O. saundersiae | `--+-- O. denti | `--+-- O. unisulcatus | `--+-- O. irroratus | `--+-- O. tropicalis tropicalis | `--+--+-- †O. petteri | `--+-- O. angoniensis | | `--+-- O. maximus | | `-- O. tropicalis burtoni | `--+-- O. anchietae anchietae | |?- O. anchietae lacustris | `--+-- O. anchietae barbouri | `--+-- O. occidentalis | `--+-- O. laminatus | `--o O. typus | |-- O. t. jacksoni | `-- O. t. typus |?-o “Rattus -group” | |--o Maxomys [17] | | |-- M. alticola | | |-- M. baeodon | | |-- M. bartelsii | | |-- M. dollmani | | |-- M. hellwaldii | | |-- M. hylomyoides | | |-- M. inas | | |-- M. inflatus | | |-- M. moi | | |-- M. musschenbroekii | | |-- M. ochraceiventer | | |-- M. pagensis | | |-- M. panglima | | |-- M. rajah | | |-- M. surifer (Red Spiny Rat) | | |-- M. wattsi | | `-- M. whiteheadi | `--+--+--o Niviventer [15] | | | |-- N. andersoni | | | |-- N. brahma | | | |-- N. confucianus | | | |-- N. coxingi | | | |-- N. cremoriventer | | | |-- N. culturatus | | | |-- N. eha | | | |-- N. excelsior | | | |-- N. fulvescens | | | |-- N. hinpoon | | | |-- N. langbianis | | | |-- N. lepturus | | | |-- N. niviventer | | | |-- N. rapit | | | `-- N. tenaster | | `--+--o Dacnomys | | | `-- D. millardi | | `--o Leopoldamys [4] | | |-- L. edwardsi | | |-- L. neilli | | |-- L. sabanus | | `-- L. siporanus | `--+--o Berylmys [4] | | |-- B. berdmorei | | |-- B. bowersi | | |-- B. mackenziei | | `-- B. manipulus | |--o Tarsomys [2] | | |-- T. apoensis | | `-- T. echinatus | |--o Limnomys | | `-- L. sibuanus | |--o Bandicota [3] | | |-- B. bengalensis | | |-- B. indica | | `-- B. savilei | |--o Bullimus [2] | | |-- B. bagobus | | `-- B. luzonicus | |--o Sundamys [3] | | |-- S. infraluteus | | |-- S. maxi | | `-- S. muelleri | `-- Rattus (Echte Ratten) (Old World Rats) [56] |?-o †Huaxiamys; U.Mioc.-L.Plioc. As. [nomen nudum] | |-- †H. primitivus | `-- †H. downsi |--o †Antemus; M.Mioc. SAs. | |-- †A. chinjiensis | `-- †A. thailandica `--+--o †Progonomys | |?- †Progonomys yunnanensis | |--+--+-- †Progonomys cathalai | | | |-- †Progonomys woelferi | | | |--o †Huerzelerimys; M.Mioc. Eu. | | | | |-- †H. turolensis | | | | `-- †H. vireti [Parapodemus vireti; Valerymys vireti] | | | `--o †Anthracomys; U.Mioc. NAf., U.Mioc.-L.Plioc. Eu. | | | `-- †A. lorenzi | | `--+?- †Parapodemus gaudryi [Mus gaudryi] (nomen dubium, type lost) | | `?- Apodemus [21] | `--+-- †Progonomys hispanicus | `--o †Occitanomys [=? †Castillomys] | |?-o †(Hansdebruijnia) | | `-- †O. (H.) neutrum | |-- †Occitanomys sondaari | `--+-- †Occitanomys adroveri [Parapodemus adroveri] | `--o †Stephanomys; U.Mioc.-L.Pleist. Eu., L.Plioc. NAf. | |-- †S. ramblensis | `--+-- †S. dubari | `--+-- †S. medius | `--+--+-- †S. donnezani | | `-- †S. thaleri | |-- †S. calverti | `--+-- †S. minor | `--+-- †S. priaetaensis | `--+-- †S. balcellsi | `-- †S. progressus |-- †Ratchaburimys |--o Millardia [incl. Grypomys; Guyia; Millardomys] ?L.Pleist.-R. As. [4] | |-- M. gleadowi | |-- M. kathleenae | |-- M. kondana | `-- M. meltada |--o Cremnomys [incl. Madromys] R. SAs. [3] | |-- C. blanfordi | |-- C. cutchicus | `-- C. elvira |-- Diomys crumpi; R. SAs. |--o Micromys; U.Mioc.-L.Plioc., Pleist.-R. As., U.Mioc.-R. Eu. | |-- †M. cingulatus | |-- †M. paricioi | |-- †M. tedfordi | |-- †M. chalceus | `--o M. minutus [incl. M. danubialis; M. agilis] (Harvest Mouse) (Dwarf Mouse) (Dwergmuis) | |-- M. m. minutus | |-- M. m. soricinus | |-- M. m. subobscurus | |-- M. m. pratensis | `-- M. m. ussuricus |--o Vandeleuria; L.Pleist.-R. As. (Long-Tailed Tree Mice) [2] | |?- V. nilagirica [ssp. => V. oleracea] | |-- V. nolthenii (Ceylon Highland Long-Tailed Tree Mouse, Nolthenius's Long-tailed Climbing Mouse) | `-- V. oleracea (Indian Long-Tailed Tree Mouse) |-- Vernaya fulva [Octopdomys] U.Plioc.-M.Pleist. R. As. |--o Chiropodomys [incl. Insulaemus] U.Plioc., R. As. [6] | |-- †C. penicillatus | |-- C. calamianensis | |-- C. gliroides (Indomalayan Pencil-tailed Tree Mouse) | |-- C. karlkoopmani | |-- C. major | |-- C. muroides | `-- C. pusillus |--o Hapalomys; U.Plioc., U.Pleist.-R. As. [2] | |-- H. delacouri | `-- H. longicaudatus |--o †Rhagapodemus; U:Mioc.-L.Plioc. As., U.Mioc.-U.Plioc., Pleist. Eu., ?Plioc. Mid. | |-- †R. primaevus | `--+-- †R. athensis | |-- †R. azzarolii | |-- †R. ballesioi | |-- †R. debruijni | |--+-- †R. hautimagnensis | | `-- †R. frequens | |-- †R. minor ==> †Rhagamys orthodon?? | `-- †R. vanderweerdi |-- †Rhagamys orthodon [Mus orthodon ] |--o Tokudaia [Acanthomys (non Acanthomys, a synon. of Acomys; non Acanthomys, a synon. of Rattus); Tokudamys ] U.Pleist.-R. As. | |-- T. muenninki | `-- T. osimensis |-- †Microtia elva; U.Mioc. Eu. |--o †Paraethomys | |-- †P. athmeniae | |-- †P. meini | |-- †P. jaegeri | |-- †P. chikeri | |-- †P. miocaenicus | |-- †P. pusillus | |-- †P. anomalus | |-- †P. rbiae | |-- †P. darelbeidae | `-- †P. filfilae |--o †Castillomys [incl. †Occitanomys; †Valerymys; †Centralomys; †Hansdebruijnia] U.Mioc.-L.Plioc. As., U.Mioc.-L.Pleist. Eu., L.Plioc. Af. | |-- †C. crusafonti | `-- †C. rivas [incl.? C. plinensis; C. crusafonti meini] |--o †Orientalomys [incl. †Euxinomys] U.Mioc.-U.Plioc. As., L.-U.Plioc. Eu. | |-- †O. nihewanicus | |-- †O. similis [Parapodemus similis] | |-- †O. galaticus | `-- †O. sibiricus |--o †Chardinomys [incl. Teilhardomys(nomen nudum)] L.Plioc.-L.Pleist. As. | |-- †O. yusheensis | |-- †O. louisi | `-- †O. schaubi |--o †Castromys; U.Mioc. Eu. | `-- †C. inflatus |-- †Beremendimys |-- Mus (Mice) [38] |-- Muriculus imberbis; R. EAf. |--o †Saidomys; U.Mioc., U.Plioc. Af., L.Plioc. Eu. | |-- †S. afarensis | `-- †S. natrunensis |-- †Yunomys wui |-- †Parapelomys |-- Hadromys humei |-- Golunda ellioti |-- †Dilatomys |--o Dasymys [5] | |-- D. foxi | |-- D. incomtus | |-- D. montanus | |-- D. nudipes | `-- D. rufulus |-- Lamottemys okuensis |--o Dephomys [2] | |-- D. defua | `-- D. eburnea |-- †Canariomys tamarani |-- †Malpaisomys insularis |?- Nilopegamys |--o Malacomys [5] | |-- M. cansdalei | |-- M. edwardsi | |-- M. longipes | |-- M. lukolelae | `-- M. verschureni |-- †Kritimys |--o Nesokia [2] | |-- N. bunnii | `-- N. indica |-- Diplothrix legatus |-- Palawanomys furvus |-- Kadarsanomys sodyi |-- Tryphomys adustus |-- Abditomys latidens |--o Taeromys [6] | |-- T. arcuatus | |-- T. callitrichus | |-- T. celebensis | |-- T. hamatus | |-- T. punicans | `-- T. taerae |--o Paruromys [2] | |-- P. dominator | `-- P. ursinus |-- †Hooijeromys |-- Komodomys rintjanus |--o Bunomys [7] | |-- B. andrewsi | |-- B. chrysocomus | |-- B. coelestis | |-- B. fratrorum | |-- B. heinrichi | |-- B. penitus | `-- B. prolatus |--o Paulamys [†Florensomys] | |-- †P. guanajuatoensis | `-- P. naso |--o Stenomys [5] | |-- S. ceramicus | |-- S. niobe | |-- S. richardsoni | |-- S. vandeuseni | `-- S. verecundus |-- †Wushanomys |-- †Qianomys |-- Chiromyscus chiropus |-- Srilankamys ohiensis |-- Eropeplus canus |-- Lenothrix canus |--o Pithecheir [2] | |-- P. melanurus | `-- P. parvus |-- Lenomys meyeri |--o Margaretamys [3] | |-- M. beccarii | |-- M. elegans | `-- M. parvus |-- Melasmothrix naso |--o Tateomys [2] | |-- T. macrocercus | `-- T. rhinogradoides |--o Haeromys [3] | |-- H. margarettae | |-- H. minahassae | `-- H. pusillus |-- Anonymomys mindorensis |-- Echiothrix leucura |--o Crunomys [4] | |-- C. celebensis | |-- C. fallax | |-- C. melanius | `-- C. rabori |-- Lorentzimys nouhuysi |--o Pogonomelomys | |-- P. bruijni | |-- P. mayeri | `-- P. sevia |-- Xenuromys barbatus |-- †Spelaeomys florensis `-- †Coryphomys buehleri Murinae incertae sedis: †“Mus” hipparionum [Parapodemus hipparionum; Karnimata hipparionum] †“Parapodemus” coronensis [chimera?] †“Mastomys” colberti [Parapodemus colberti; Rattus colberti; Karnimata colberti] Papagomys P. armandvillei P. theodorverhoeveni Thamnomys T. kempi T. venustus
    -----------------------
  • Ratten en Muizen
    Acomys:
  • Acomys cahirinus (Cairo Spiny Mouse)
  • Acomys cilicus (Asia Minor Spiny Mouse)
  • Acomys cilicus (Turkse Stekelmuis)
  • Acomys dimidatus (Eastern Spiny Mouse)
  • Acomys minous (Crete Spiny Mouse)
  • Acomys russatus (Golden Spiny Mouse)
  • Acomys selousi ()
  • Acomys spinosissimus (Spiny Mouse, Acomys subspinosus (Cape Spiny Mouse)
    Uranomys:
  • Wikipedia: Uranomys ruddi
    Lophuromys:
  • Ethiopian wolves: (Lophuromus melanonyx) (Black-clawed Brush-furred Mouse)
  • Wikipedia (Eng): Lophuromys (Lophuromus sukapusi)
    Phloeomys:
  • Phloeomys cumingi (Bonte Reuzenschorsrat) (Southern Luzon Giant Cloud Rat)
  • Phloeomys pallidus (Northern Luzon Slender-tailed Cloud Rat, Northern Luzon Giant Cloud Rat) Crateromys:
  • Crateromys australis () (Dinagat Hairy-tailed Cloud Rat)
  • Crateromys heaneyi (Panay bushy-tailed Cloud Rat, Panay Cloud Runner)
  • Crateromys paulus (Ilinnevelrat)
  • Crateromys schadenbergi (Schadenbergschorsrat) ()
    Batomys (Mindanaomys):
  • Wikipedia: Batomys dentatus (Large-toothed Hairy-tailed Rat)
  • Wikipedia: Batomys granti (Luzon hairy-tailed Rat)
  • Batomys granti (Luzon hairy-tailed Rat)
  • Batomys russatus (Dinagat Hairy-tailed Cloud Rat)
  • Batomys salomonseni (Mindanao Hairy-tailed Rat)
    Carpomys (Tree Rats):
  • Wikipedia: Carpomys melanurus ()
  • Carpomys melanurus (Short-footed Luzon Tree Rat)
  • Wikipedia: Carpomys phaeurus ()
  • Carpomys phaeurus (White-bellied Tree Rat)
    Praomys:
    P. delectorum P. hartwigi P. jacksoni P. minor P. misonnei P. morio (Harlekijnbosmuis) P. mutoni P. rostratus P. tullbergi Zelotomys:
    Mastomys:
  • De Veeltepelmuis of Reuzenmuis (Praomys (Mastomys) natalensis)
  • Ware Muizen - Muridae   (Dwergmuis, (Gewone) Bosmuis, Grote Bosmuis, Huismuis, Bruine Rat, Zwarte Rat)
  • De Nederlandse Muizensite
  • De (Gewone) Bosmuis - Forest Mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus
  • DierentuinNet: De Bosmuis (Forest Mouse)
  • De Grote Bosmuis (Geelhalsbosmuis)- Yellow-necked (Field) Mouse (Apodemus flaviocollis)
  • De Dwergmuis - Dwarf Mouse - Harvest Mouse (Micromys minutus)
  • DierentuinNet: De Dwergmuis (European Harvest Mouse)
  • De Huismuis (Mus musculus)
  • DierentuinNet: De Huismuis (House Mouse)
  • De Bruine Rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • Bruine Rat
  • De Zwarte Rat (Rattus rattus)
  • Zwarte Rat
  • Animal Diversity: Subfamily Murinae
  • Nile Rat (Arvicanthis niloticus)
  • Rats: Nile Rat
  • False Water Rat (Xeromys myoides)
  • Australian Native Rats: Swamp Rat (Rattus lutreolus) - Water Rat (Rakali)(Hydromys chrysogaster)

    Zie ook: Muizen   Mice
    Zie ook: Ratten   Old World Rats
    Zie ook: Ratten en Muizen   Old World Rats and Mice   Muridae
    Zie ook: Knaagdieren   Rodentia


    MUROIDEA   MUISACHTIGEN
      <==o Muroidea |--o †Simimyidae [incl. †Nonomyinae] | |-- †Sinimys [†Eumysops ] M.-U-Eoc. NA. | `-- †Nonomys [(non Nanomys (Multituberculata: Cimolodon))] [incl. †Subsumus] U.Eoc. NA. `--o Muridae |?- †Selenomys L.Olig. As. |?- †Potwarmus M.Mioc. As. |?- †Leakeymys M.Mioc. Af. |?- †Blancomys U.Mioc.-L.Plioc. Eu. |?- †Epimeriones U.Mioc.-L.Pleist. Eu. |?-o †Pappocricetodon M.-U.Eoc. As. | |-- †P. kazakstanicus | |-- †P. rencunensis | |-- †P. antiquus | `-- †P. schaubi |--o †Cricetopinae [taxonomic history] | |-- †Cricetops Olig. As. | `-- †Enginia L.Mioc. SWAs. |--o †Eumyinae [taxonomic history] | |-- †Eumys U.Eoc.-L.Olig. NA. | |-- †Eoeumys U.Eoc.-L.Olig. NA. | |-- †Coloradoeumys L.Olig. NA. | `-- †Wilsoneumys L.Olig. NA. |-- (†Paracricetodontinae) |-- †Melissodon [Melissodontinae] L.Olig.-L.Mioc. Eu. |--o †Tachyoryctoidinae | |-- †Tachyoryctoides [incl. †Aralomys] U.Olig.-L.Mioc. EAs. | `-- †Argyromys U.Olig. CAs. |--o †Microtoscoptinae | |--o †Paramicrotoscoptes U.Mioc. NA. | | `-- †P. hibbardi | |--o †Microtoscoptes U.Mioc. As. Eu. | | `-- †M. disjunctus [=? Goniodontomys disjunctus] | `--o †Goniodontomys U.Mioc. NA. | `-- †G. disjunctus |--o †Baranomyinae [taxonomic history] | |-- †Microtodon U.Mioc. As., U.Plioc. EEu. ==> Arvicolinae?? | |-- †Anatolomys U.Mioc. EAs. | `-- †Baranomys [incl. †Warthamys] L.Plioc.-L.Pleist. Eu. |-- †Trilophomys [Lophiomys (non Lophiomys, a lophiomyine murid)] [Trilophomyinae †Trilophomyidae] |--o †Gobicricetodontinae | |-- †Gobicricetodon M.-U.Mioc. EAs. | `-- †Plesiodipus [Plesiocricetodon, unjustified emendation] M.-U.Mioc. EAs. |-- †Cricetodontinae |-- Sigmodontinae [taxonomic history] (New World Rats and Mice) |--o Calomyscus U.-Mioc.-?L.Plioc. Eu., L.Plioc.-R. As. (Mouse-like Hamsters) [Calomyscinae] | |?- C. baluchi | |?- C. hotsoni | |?- C. mystax | |?- C. tsolovi | |?- C. urartensis | `-- C. bailwardi |-- (Cricetinae) (Hamsters) |-- (Arvicolinae) (True Voles and Lemmings) |--o †Afrocricetodontinae | |-- †Notocricetodon L.-M.Mioc.EAf. | |-- †Afrocricetodon L.Mioc. EAf. | `-- †Protarsomys L.-U.Mioc. Af. |--o Lophiomyinae | |-- †Microlophiomys U.Mioc. EEu. | |-- †Protolophiomys U.Mioc. WEu. | `--o Lophiomys [Phractomys] ?Plio. L.Pleist.-R. Af., R. As. | `-- L. imhausi (Maned Rat, Crested Rat) |-- Nasomyinae (Malagasy Mice & Rats) |--o Cricetomyinae (Pouched Rats) | |--o Saccostomus [Eosaccomys palmer] L.Plioc.-R. Af. (African Pouched Rats) | | |-- S. campestris | | `-- S. mearnsi | |--o Beamys R. Af. (Long-tailed Pouched Rats) | | |-- B. hindei | | `-- B. major | `--o Cricetomys [Mus (Cricetomys)] R. Af. (African Giant Pouched Rats)? | |-- C. emini | `-- C. gambianus |--o Delanymyinae | |-- †Stenodontomys U.Mioc.-U.Plioc., ?Pleist. Af. | `-- Delanymys brooksi Plioc., ?Pleist., R. Af. (Climbing Swamp Mouse, Delaney's Swamp Mouse) |--o Mystromyinae | |-- Mystromys albicaudatus ?U.Mioc., L.Plioc.-R. Af. (White-tailed Rat) | `-- †Proodontomys U.Plioc.-L.Pleist. Af. |--o Petromyscinae | |-- †Petromyscinae gen. et sp. indet. [M.Mioc. SWAf.] | `--o Petromyscus ?U.Mioc. Plioc.?-R. Af. | |-- P. barbouri | |-- P. collinus | |-- P. monticularis | `-- P. shortridgei |-- Gerbillinae (Jirds, Gerbils, Sand Rats) |-- Dendromurinae (Boommuizen) (Tree Mice) |-- Murinae (Old World Rats and Mice) |--o Platacanthomyinae | |-- †Neocometes | |--o Typhlomys | | |-- T. chapensis | | `-- T. cinereus | `-- Platacanthomys lasiurus |--o Myospalacinae | |--o †Prosiphneus | | `-- †P. preatingi | `--o Myospalax (Molhamsters) | |?-+-- †M.? paratingi [†Prosiphneus paratingi] | | `--+-- †M. trassaerti | | `-- †M. tingi [taxonomic history] | |?-+-- †M.? intermedius [†Prosiphneus intermedius] | | `--+-- †M. omegodon | | `-- †M. chaoyatseni | `--+?- M. epsilanus | |?- M. rothschildi | |?- M. smithii | |--o (Eospalax) | | |-- M. (E.) fontanieri | | |-- M. (E.) cansus | | `-- M. (E.) baileyi | `--o (Myospalax) | |?- M. (M.) aspalax | |?- M. (M.) psilurus | `-- M. (M.) myospalax |-- Spalacinae Blinde Muizen (Spalacidae) |-- †Anomalomyinae `-- Rhizomyinae (Bamboeratten) Muroidea incertae sedis: †Celadensia nicolae †Bjornkurtenia canterranensis [Trilophomys canterranensis] -----------------------------
      After Steppan, 2005 <==o Muroidea |--o Spalacioidea | |-- Spalacidae [Spalacinae] (Gravende Muroidea) | `-- Myospalacidae [Myospalacinae] () `--o Eumuroida [“Murida”] |-- Calomyscinae |--o Nesomyidae (African Mice and Rats) |--o Cricetidae (Woelmuisachtigen) (Hamsters and Voles) `--o Muridae ------------------------------
      Superfamilie: Muroidea (Muisachtigen) |-- Familie: Platacanthomyidae (Aziatische dwergslaapmuizen) (Asian Dormice) |--o Familie: Cricetidae | |--o Onderfamilie: Neotominae | | |-- Tribus: BAIOMYINI (Amerikaanse Dwergmuizen) | | |-- Tribus: NEOTOMINI (Bosratten) | | `--Tribus: PEROMYSCINI (Witvoetmuizen en verwanten) | |-- Onderfamilie: Tylomyinae (Midden-Amerikaanse Klimratten) | |--o Onderfamilie: Sigmodontinae (Muizen en Ratten van de Nieuwe Wereld) | |--"Tribus": ZUIDELIJKE THOMASOMYINI | | |-- Tribus: SIGMODONTINI (Katoenratten) | | |-- Tribus: ICHTHYMYINI (Amerikaanse Waterratten) | | |-- Tribus: ORYZOMYINI (Rijstratten en verwanten) | | |-- Tribus: THOMASOMYINI (Andesmuizen) | | |-- Tribus: AKODONTINI (Grasmuizen en verwanten) | | |-- Tribus: PHYLLOTINI (Bladoormuizen en verwanten) | | `-- Tribus: ARBOTHRICHINI (Zuid-Andesgrasmuizen) | |-- Onderfamilie: Arvicolinae | `-- Onderfamilie: Cricetinae |--o Familie: Nesomyidae | |-- Onderfamilie: Mystromyinae | |-- Onderfamilie: Nesomyinae | |-- Onderfamilie: Petromyscinae (Rotsmuizen) | |-- Onderfamilie: Cricetomyinae | `-- Onderfamilie: Dendromurinae |--o Familie: Muridae | |-- Onderfamilie: Gerbillinae (Gerbils) | |-- Onderfamilie: Deomyinae | `--o Onderfamilie: Murinae (Muizen en Ratten) | |-- Tribus: APODEMURINI (Bosmuizen en verwanten) | |-- Tribus: MICROMYINI (Dwergmuizen en verwanten) | |-- Tribus: PHLOEOMYINI (Schorsratten en verwanten) | |-- Tribus: MALACOMYINI (Afrikaanse Muizen en Ratten) | |-- Tribus: MURINI (Echte Muizen en verwanten) | |-- Tribus: RATTINI (Echte Ratten en verwanten; de meeste Zuidoost-Aziatische Murinae) | |-- Tribus: ECHOTHRICHINI (Muizen en Ratten van de Filipijnen, Celebes en Nusa Tenggara) | |-- Tribus: ARVICANTHINI (Afrikaanse Grasmuizen en verwanten) | |-- Tribus: CONILURINI (Australaziatische Muizen en Ratten) | `-- Tribus: HYDROMYINI (Australaziatische Waterratten en Spitsmuismuizen) |-- Familie: Nesomyidae `--o Familie: Spalacidae |-- Onderfamilie: Myosplacinae |-- Onderfamilie: Rhyzomyinae (Bamboeratten) `-- Onderfamilie: Spalacinae (Blinde Muizen)


    MUS   MUIZEN   MICE
      <==o Mus (Mice) [38] |--o (Nannomys) [16 sp.] | |-- M. (N.) baoulei | |-- M. (N.) bufo | |-- M. (N.) callewaerti | |-- M. (N.) goundae | |?- M. (N.) gratus | |-- M. (N.) haussa | |-- M. (N.) indutus | |-- M. (N.) kasaicus | |-- M. (N.) mahomet | |-- M. (N.) mattheyi | |-- M. (N.) minutoides | |-- M. (N.) musculoides | |-- M. (N.) neavei | |-- M. (N.) orangiae | |-- M. (N.) oubanguii | |-- M. (N.) setzeri | |-- M. (N.) sorella | |-- M. (N.) setulosus | |-- M. (N.) tenellus | `-- M. (N.) triton `--+--o (Pyromys) [4 sp.] | |-- M. (P.) fernandoni | |-- M. (P.) phillipsi | |-- M. (P.) platythrix | |-- M. (P.) saxicola | `-- M. (P.) shortridgei `--+--o (Coelomys) [4 sp.] | |-- M. (C.) crociduroides | |-- M. (C.) mayori | |-- M. (C.) pahari | `-- M. (C.) vulcani `--o (Mus) [11 sp.] |?- M. (M.) famulus [M. (Coelomys) famulus] |--o “Leggada” -group | |--o M. (M.) booduga | | |-- M. (M.) b. booduga | | `-- M. (M.) b. lepidoides | `-- M. (M.) terricolor [M. dunni] `--+--+-- M. (M.) cookii | `--+-- M. (M.) caroli | `--o M. (M.) cervicolor | |-- M. (M.) c. cervicolor | `-- M. (M.) c. popaeus [Leggada nitidula popaea] `--+-- M. (M.) fragilicauda `--+--o M. (M.) musculus (Common Mice) | |-- M. (M.) m. bactrianus (Southwestern Asian House Mouse) | |-- M. (M.) m. castaneus (Southeastern Asian House Mouse) | |-- M. (M.) m. domesticus (Western European House Mouse) | |-- M. (M.) m. gentilulus | |-- M. (M.) m. homourus | |-- M. (M.) m. molossinus | |-- M. (M.) m. musculus (Eastern European House Mouse) | |-- M. (M.) m. praetextus | `-- M. (M.) m. wagneri `--+-- M. (M.) spretus `--+-- M. (M.) spicilegus `-- M. (M.) macedonicus


    MUSTELA
      <==o Mustela [Paratanuki, Putorius] [16 Recent species, atleast 12 subspecies] |?- †M. pliocenica |--o (Grammogale) | |-- M. (G.) felipei | `-- M. (G.) africana |--o (Mustela) | |?- †M. (M.) plioerminea | |?- †M. (M.) palerminea | |?- †M. (M.) praenivalis | |-- M. (M.) erminea | |--o M. (M.) nivalis (Wezel) (Weasel) | | |?- M. (M.) n. pygmea [=? M. (M.) n. nivalis] | | |-- M. (M.) n. nivalis | | |-- M. (M.) n. rixosus | | |?- M. (M.) n. heptneri [=? M. (M.) n. vulgaris] | | `-- M. (M.) n. vulgaris | |-- M. (M.) frenata | |-- M. (M.) altaica | `-- M. (M.) kathiah |--o (Lutreola) | |--o M. (L.) lutreola | | |-- M. (L.) l. lutreola | | |-- M. (L.) l. turovi | | |-- M. (L.) l. ssp.3 ()? | | |-- M. (L.) l. ssp.4 ()? | | |-- M. (L.) l. ssp.5 ()? | | |-- M. (L.) l. ssp.6 ()? | | `-- M. (L.) l. ssp.7 ()? | |-- M. (L.) sibirica | |-- M. (L.) lutreolina | |-- M. (L.) nudipes | `-- M. (L.) strigidorsa |--o (Vison) | |-- M. (V.) vison (Mink) | `-- †M. (V.) macrodon `--o M. (Putorius) (Bunzing - Polecat) |--o M. (P.) putorius | |-- M. (P.) p. furo (Fret) (Ferret) | `-- M. (P.) p. putorius |-- M. (P.) eversmannii `-- M. (P.) nigripes
    ----------------------
    Fretten - Ferrets:
  • Fretten page
  • Fretten! Wat zijn dat?
  • De fret
  • Frettenvereniging Prettig Gestoord
  • De Fret als huisdier
  • Voorlichting over de aanschaf van een fret
  • Ferretworld Alles over fretten
  • Stichting De Nederlandse Frettenclub
  • Fretten Informatie over fretten uit website Dierenkliniek Brouwhuis
  • Fretten opvang en pension Indy
  • Ferret Central
  • Ferrets (1)
  • Ferrets (2)
  • Fretten en alles wat er bij komt kijken
  • Fretten: wormen Copyright FerretTalk. Wormen. Het komt niet vaak voor maar ook de fret kan wormen krijgen

    Zie ook: Mustela


    MUSTELIDAE - MARTERACHTIGEN
      <==o Mustelidae |?- †Luogale |?- †Bathygale |?- †Plesiogale |?-o †Plesictis [Mustelavus] | `-- †"Plesictis" julieni sicaulensis |?- †Zodiolestes |?- †Stromeriella |?- †Franconictis |?- †Paragale |?- †Oligobunis |?- †Aelurocyon |?- †Megalictis |?- †Paroligobunis |?- †Amphicticeps shackelfordi |?- †Promartes |?- †Brachypsalis |?- †Sivalictis |?- †Semantor |?- †Ailurictis |?- †Brachypsaloides |?- †Conepatus |?- †Laphyctis [Ischyrictis] |?- †Mellidelavus |?- †Mephititaxus |?- †Mustelictis |?- †Presictis |?- †Protarctos? |?- †Spilogale |?- †Xenictis |?- †Potamotherium valletoni |?- †Pyctis inamatus `--+-- Lutrinae - Otters `--+-- Mephitinae - Stinkdieren - Skunks `--+-- Mustelinae - Echte Marters - Martens [incl. Taxidiinae] `--+-- †Leptarctinae `--+-- Mellivorinae `--+-- Melinae `--o Guloninae |-- †Iberictis `--+--o †Plesiogulo | |-- †P. marshalli | `-- †P. lindsayi `--o Gulo gulo (Veelvraat, Wolverine) |-- G. g. gulo |-- G. g. luscus `-- G. g. katschemakensis
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Zie ook: Marterachtigen - Weasels, Ferrets, Skunks, Badgers, Otters, Sea Otter


    MUSTELINAE - ECHTE MARTERS   (incl. Taxidiinae)
      <==o Mustelinae |--o Martes ["Hydrocyon", Sansanictis] | |?- M. wenzensis | |?- M. vetus | |--o (Mertes) | | |-- M. (M.) foina | | |-- M. (M.) martes | | |-- ?M. (M.) latinorum [ssp.=>M. mertes?] | | |-- M. (M.) zibellina | | |--o M. (M.) melampus | | | |-- M. (M.) m. melampus ()? | | | `-- M. (M.) m. tsuensis | | |-- M. (M.) americana | | `-- †M. (M.) nobilis | |-- (Pekania) pennanti | `--o (Charronia) | |-- M. (C.) gwatkinsii | `--o M. (C.) flavigula | |-- M. (C.) f. flavicula ()? | `-- M. (C.) f. chrysopila |-- †Proputorius |-- †Dinogale |-- †Miomustela |-- †Plionictis |-- †Anatolictis |-- †Sthenictis |-- †Paramartes |-- †Marcetia |-- †Circamustela |-- †Cernictis |-- †Sinictis |-- †Trigonictis |-- †Canimartes |-- †Pannonictis |-- †Tisisthenes |-- †Enhydrictis |-- †Sminthosinus |-- †Stipanicicia |?- Lyncodon patagonicus |-- Eira barbara |--o Mustelini | `-- Mustela [16 Recent species, atleast 12 subspecies] |--o Galictini [Galictinae] | `--o Galictis | |-- G. cuja | `-- G. vittata |--o Ictonychini | |?- †"Baranogale" adroveri | |--o †Baranogale | | |-- †B. helbingi | | `-- †B. balcanica | |-- †Oxyvormela | |-- †Propoecilogale | |--o Vormela [+ Pliovormela Kormos] | | |-- †V. petenyii [Pliovormela beremendensis; Vormela beremendensis; Pliovormela petenyii] | | |-- †V. prisca | | `--o V. peregusna | | `-- V. p. peregusna | |-- Poecilogale albinucha | `--+-- Ictonyx striatus | `--o Poecilictis libyca [Ictonyx; Poecilogale] | |-- †P. l. minor | `-- P. l. libyca `?-o Taxidini [Taxidiinae] |?- †Taxidinae genera et species indet. [Ter. SWNA.] |-- †Pliotaxidea nevadensis `-- Taxidea taxus (Amerikaanse Das - American Badger)


    MYOCASTORIDAE   BEVERRATTEN   NUTRIA   COYPU

  • Nutria (Coypu)
  • Beverrat (Myocastor coypus)
  • Dierentuin Net: Beverrat - Nutria

    Zie ook: Stekelratten   Spiny Rats   Echimyidae


    MYOCRICETODONTINI
      <==o †Myocricetodontini |--o †Myocricetodon; M.Mioc-L.Plioc.? Af., M.-U.Mioc. As., U.Mioc.-L.Plioc. Eu. | |-- †M. eskihisarensis | |-- †M. magnus | |--+-- †M. parvus | | `--+-- †M. parvus intermedius | | `--+-- †M. seboui [=? Dakkamys seboui] | | `--+-- †M. afoudensis | | `-- †M. ouaichi [=? Dakkamys ouaichi] | |--+-- †M. cherifiensis | | `--+-- †M. jaegeri | | `--+-- †M. trerki | `--+-- †M. irhoudi | `--+-- †M. ouedi | |-- †M. ultimus | `-- †M. asphodelae |-- †Paradakkamys chinjiensis; M.U.Mioc. SAs. |--o †Dakkamyoides; M.U.Mioc., Plioc., ?L.Pleist. Af., M.Mioc. As. | |-- †D. lavocati | `-- †D. perplexus |--o †Dakkamys; M.Mioc.-?U.Mioc. Af., M.-U.Mioc As. | |-- †D. asiaticus | |-- †D. barryi | |-- †D. seboui [=? †Myocricetodon seboui ] | `-- †D. ouaichi [=? †Myocricetodon ouaichi] `-- †Eulmus; U.Mioc.-L.Plioc. Af.


    MYODOCOPA
      <==o MYODOCOPA |--o Myodocopida | `--o Myodocopina | `--o Cypridinoidea | |-- Cylindroleberididae | |-- Cypridinidae | |-- Philomedidae | |-- Rutidermatidae | `-- Sarsiellidae `--o Halocyprida |--o Cladocopina | `--o Polycopoidea | `-- Polycopidae `--o Halocypridina |--o Halocypridoidea | `-- Halocyprididae `--o Thaumatocypridoidea `-- Thaumatocyprididae


    MYOMORPHA   MYODONTA   MOUSE-LIKE RODENTS
      <==o <==o Alternative Myomorpha |-- Dipodoidea (Jerboa's) `-- Muroidea (Muizen en Ratten, Woelmuizen, Gerbils, Hamsters en verwanten) (Mice, Rats, Voles, Hamsters, etc.) ---------------------------------
      Myomorpha [Myomorphii] (Mouse-like Rodents) |--o †Protoptychidae [Protoptychinae; Protoptychidae] | |-- †Protoptychus; M.Eoc. NA. | `-- †Presbymys; M.Eoc. NA. |-- Geomorpha `--o Myodonta [Myodonta] |-- Dipodoidea (Jerboa's) `-- Muroidea (Muizen en Ratten, Woelmuizen, Gerbils, Hamsters en verwanten) (Mice, Rats, Voles, Hamsters, etc.)


    MYRIAPODA   MILLIPEDIA   DUIZENDPOOTACHTIGEN en MILJOENPOOTACHTIGEN
      <==o Myriapoda [Millipedia] |-- Chilopoda () `--o Progoneata |--o Symphyla () | |-- Scutigerellidae | `-- Scolopendrellidae |-- Peuropoda () `-- Diplopoda () Alternative phylogeny of Myriapoda [Millipedia]: <==o Millipedia [Myriapoda] (Millipeds) |-- Diplopoda () `--o Progoneata |--o Dignatha | |-- Peuropoda () | `--o Symphyla () | |-- Scutigerellidae | `-- Scolopendrellidae `-- Chilopoda ()
    -------------------------------------------------------------
  • Duizendpoten (Myriapoda)


    MYRMECOBIIDAE   BUIDELMIERENETERS   NUMBAT

    Zie ook: Dasyuromorphia


    MYRMECOPHAGIDAE   MIERENETERS   ANTEATERS
      <==o Myrmecophagidae |?- †Promyrmecophagus |-- †Protamandua `--+--o Tamandua | |-- T. mexicana (Northern Tamandua) | `-- T. tetradactyla (Southern Tamandua, Collared Tamandua) `--+-- †Neotamandua `--o Myrmecophaga [Mammyrmecophagaus; †Nunezia] [1 Recent species] `-- M. tridactyla (Giant Anteater)


    MYSTROMYINAE   WHITE-TAILED RAT   WHITE-TAILED MOUSE
      <==o Mystromyinae |-- Mystromys albicaudatus ?U.Mioc., L.Plioc.-R. Af. (White-tailed Rat) (White-tailed Mouse) `-- †Proodontomys U.Plioc.-L.Pleist. Af.


    MYXINI   HYPEROTRETI   SLIJMPRIKKEN   HAGFISHES
      <==o MYXINI [Hyperotreti] (Slijmprikken) (Hagfishes) |?- †Myxinikela siroka |?- †Gilpichthys greenei `--o Myxiniformes (Hagfishes) `--o Myxinidae [Bdellostomatidae] () |--o Eptatretinae | |?-o Quadratus | | |-- Q. nelsoni ) [Paramyxine nelsoni] | | |-- Q. taiwanae [Eptatretus taiwanae | | |-- Q. yangi [Eptatretus yangi | | `-- Q. ancon | |-- Eptatretus [Bdellostoma, Polistoderma] | `--o Paramyxine | |-- P. cheni | |-- P. fernholmi | `-- P. sheni `--o Myxininae |-- Notomyxine tridentiger |-- Neomyxine biplinicata |--o Nemamyxine | |-- N. sp. | `-- N. kreffti `--o Myxine |-- M. affinis (Patagonian hagfish) |-- M. australis |-- M. capensis (Cape hagfish) |-- M. circifrons (Whiteface hagfish) |-- M. debueni |-- M. dorsum |-- M. fernholmi |-- M. garmani |-- M. glutinosa (Hagfish) |-- M. hubbsi |-- M. hubbsoides |-- M. ios (White-headed hagfish) |-- M. knappi |-- M. limosa |-- M. mccoskeri |-- M. mcmillanae |-- M. paucidens |-- M. pequenoi `-- M. robinsorum
    --------------
  • Wikipedia: Slijmprikken (Pacifische Slijmprik)


    NAEMORHEDINI   GEMZEN
      <==o Naemorhedini |-- †Gallogoral |-- †Nesogoral |--o Naemorhedus (Goral) | |-- N. baileyi (Red Goral, Rode Goral) | |-- N. caudatus (Grey Goral) | `-- N. goral `--o Capricornis [sg. => Naemorhedus] (Bosgems) |-- C. sumatraensis (Common Serow, Sumatran Forest Goat, Gewone Bosgems) |-- C. crispus (Japanese serow, Japanse Bosgems) `-- C. swinhoei [ssp. => C. crispus] (Formosan serow)
    -----------------
    Capricornis:
  • DierentuinNet: Japanse Bosgems - Japanese Serow - Capricornis crispus
  • Capricornis sumatraensis
  • DierentuinNet: Gewone Bosgems - Common Serow - Capricornis sumatrensis Naemorhedus (Nemorhaedus):
  • Nemorhaedus goral
  • DierentuinNet: Grijze Goral - Nemorhaedus goral - Goral
  • Rode Goral

    Zie ook: Caprini   Geiten en Schapen: Rupicapra rupicapra (Chamois, Gems)


    NANNOSCIURINI   ORIENTAL TREE SQUIRRELS
      <==o Nannosciurini (Oriental Tree Squirrels] |--o Dremomys; ?U.Mioc.-R. SEAs. (Red-cheeked Squirrels)? | |-- D. lokriah (Orange-bellied or Himalayan Ground Squirrel) | |-- D. pernyi (Perny's Ground Squirrel) | |-- D. rufigenis (Red-cheeked Ground Squirrel) | |-- D. pyrrhomerus (Red-hipped Ground Squirrel) | `-- D. everetti |--o Callosciurus [incl. Baginia; Erythrosciurus; Heterosciurus; Tomeutes; ?Rubrisciurus] ?U.Mioc.-R. SEAs. ()? | |-- ?C. orestes (Bornean Black-banded Squirrel) | |?-o (Rubrisciurus) rubriventer (Celebesian Giant Squirrel) | `--o (Callosciurus) ()? | |-- C. (C.) erythraeus (Red-bellied Squirrel, Mountain Red-bellied Squirrel, Pallas's Squirrel) | |-- C. (C.) flavimanus ()?[ssp.=>C. flavimanus] | |-- C. (C.) finlaysonii (Variable Squirrel) | |--o C. (C.) caniceps (Grey-bellied Squirrel) | | `-- C. (C.) caniceps bimaculatus (Grey-bellied Squirrel) | |-- C. (C.) phayrei (Phayre's Squirrel) | |-- C. (C.) inornatus (Laotian Squirrel) | |-- C. (C.) pygerythrus (Irawaddy Squirrel) | |-- C. (C.) ferrugineus ()? | |-- C. (C.) quinquestriatus (Anderson's or Five-striped Squirrel) | |-- C. (C.) prevostii (Prevost's Squirrel) | |-- C. (C.) baluensis (Kinabalu Squirrel) | |-- C. (C.) notatus (Plantain Squirrel) | |-- C. (C.) nigrovittatus (Black-banded Squirrel) | |-- C. (C.) albescens (Pale Squirrel) | |-- C. (C.) adamsi (Bornean Earspot Squirrel) | |-- C. (C.) melanogaster (Mentawi Squirrel) | `-- C. (C.) elbertae ()? |--o Tamiops; ?U.Mioc.-R. As. ()? | |-- T. macclellandi (Himalayan Striped Squirrel , Burmese Striped Squirrel) | |-- T. rodolphei (Rodolph's or Cambodian Striped Squirrel) | |-- T. swinhoei (Swinhoe's Striped Squirrel) | `-- T. maritimus (Coastal Striped Squirrel) |--o Glyphotes [incl. Hessonoglyphotes] (Sculptor Squirrels) | |-- G. simus (Red-bellied sculptor Squirrel) | `-- G. canalvus ()? |--o Rhinosciurus | `-- R. laticaudatus (Ant-eating Squirrel, Shrew-faced Ground Squirrel) |--o Lariscus [Laria] [incl. Paralariscus] ()? | |-- L. insignis | |-- ?L. niobe (Montane Three-striped Ground Squirrel) | |-- L. hosei (Four-striped Ground Squirrel) | `-- ?L. obscurus ()? |--o Menetes | `-- M. berdmorei (Berdmore's, Multistriped, Palm Squirrel, Siamese Ground Squirrel) |--o Prosciurillus (Celebesian Tree Squirrels) | |-- P. murinus (North Sulawesi Tree Squirrel) | |-- P. leucomus (Sanghir Islands Tree Squirrel) | |-- P. abstrusus (South Sulawesi Tree Squirrel) | `-- ?P. weberi ()? |--o Exilisciurus (Patternless Pygmy Squirrels) | |-- E. exilis (Least Pygmy Squirrel) | |-- E. whiteheadi (Tufted Pygmy Squirrel) | `-- E. concinnus (Philippine Pygmy Squirrel) |--o Sundasciurus [incl. Aletesciurus] ()? | |--o (Aletesciurus) ()? | | |-- S. (A.) philippinensis (Philippines Squirrel) | | |-- S. (A.) mindanensis (Mindanao Squirrel) | | |-- S. (A.) samarensis (Samar Squirrel) | | |-- S. (A.) davensis (Davas Squirrel) | | |-- S. (A.) steerii (Steere's Squirrel) | | |-- S. (A.) moellendorffi (Mollendorff's Squirrel) | | |-- S. (A.) juvencus (Palawan Squirrel) | | |-- S. (A.) hoogstraali (Hoogstraal's Squirrel) | | |-- S. (A.) rabori (Rabor's Squirrel) | | `-- S. (A.) hippurus (Horse-tailed Squirrel) | `--o (Sundasciurus) ()? | |-- S. (S.) brookei (Brooke's Squirrel) | |-- S. (S.) lowii (Low's Squirrel) | |-- S. (S.) jentinki (Jentink's Squirrel) | `-- S. (S.) tenuis (Slender Squirrel) |--o Nannosciurus | `-- N. melanotis (Oriental Pygmy Squirrel, Oriental Dwarf Squirrel, Black-eared Pygmy Squirrel) `--o Hyosciurus (Sulawesian lLng-nose Squirrels) |-- H. heinrichi `?- H. ileile (Northern Long-nosed or Pig Squirrel)


    NAUTILIDA
      <==o Orde Nautilida Suborde Nautilina Superfamilie Nautiloidea Familie Aturiidae Genus Aturoidea Familie Hercoglossidae Genus Augulithes Familie Nautilidae Genus Eutrephoceras Genus Nautilus Genus Rhyncholites


    NAUTILOIDEA
      <==o Subklasse Nautiloidea |--o Orde Actinocerida | |-- Familie Actinoceratidae | |-- Familie Armenoceratidae | |-- Familie Carbactinoceratidae | |-- Familie Gonioceratidae | |-- Familie Huroniidae | |-- Familie Ormoceratidae | |-- Familie Polydesmiidae | |-- Familie Sactoceratidae | `-- Familie Wutinoceratidae |--o Orde Ascocerida | |-- Familie Ascoceratidae | |-- Familie Choanoceratidae | `-- Familie Hebetoceratidae |--o Orde Bactritida | |-- Bactritidae | |-- Cyrtobactritidae | `-- Familie Parabactrididae |--o Orde Discosorida | |-- Familie Cyrtogomphoceratidae | |-- Familie Discosoridae | |-- Familie Lowoceratidae | |-- Familie Mandaloceratidae | |-- Familie Phragmoceratidae | |-- Familie Ruemannoceratidae | `-- Familie Westonoceratidae |--o Orde Ellesmerocerida | |--o Suborde Crytocerina | | |-- Familie Bathmoceratidae | | |-- Familie Cyrtoceratidae | | `-- Familie Eothinoceratidae | `--o Suborde Ellesmerocerina | |-- Familie Acaroceratidae | |-- Familie Apocrinoceratidae | |-- Familie Baltoceratidae | |-- Familie Bassleroceratidae | |-- Familie Cyclostomiceratidae | |-- Familie Ellesmeroceratidae | |-- Familie Huaiheceratidae | |-- Familie Protocycloceratidae | `-- Familie Xiashanoceratidae |--o Orde Endocerida | |-- Familie Allotrioceratidae | |-- Familie Chihlioceratidae | |-- Familie Cyrtendoceratidae | |-- Familie Endoceratidae | |-- Familie Manchuroceratidae | |-- Familie Padunoceratidae | |-- Familie Piloceratidae | `-- Familie Proterocameroceratidae |-- Orde Injetocerida |--o Orde Nautilida | |--o Rutocerina | | `-- Familie Rutoceridae | |--o Lirocerina | | |-- Clydonnautilodea | | |-- Liroceratidae | | |-- Tainocrtoidea | | `-- Familie Tainoceratidae | `--o Suborde Nautilina | |-- Familie Aturiidae | |-- Familie Cymatoceridae | |-- Familie Hercoglossidae | |-- Familie Koninckioceratidae | |-- Familie Nautilidae | `-- Familie Trigonocertidae |--o Orde Oncocerida | |-- Familie Acleistoceratidae | |-- Familie Archiacoceratidae | |-- Familie Brevicoceratidae | |-- Familie Diestoceratidae | |-- Familie Graciloceratidae | |-- Familie Hemiphragmoceratidae | |-- Familie Jovellaniidae | |-- Familie Nothoceratidae | |-- Familie Oncoceridae | |-- Familie Phtanonoceratidae | |-- Familie Poterioceratidae | |-- Familie Trimeroceratidae | |-- Familie Tripleuroceratidae | |-- Familie Tripteroceratidae | `-- Familie Valcouroceratidae |--o Orde Orthocerdia | |-- Familie Arionoceratidae | |-- Familie Clinoceratidae | |-- Familie Geisonoceratidae | |-- Familie Lamellorthoceratidae | |-- Familie Narthecoceratidae | |-- Familie Orthocertidae | |-- Familie Paraphragmitidae | |-- Familie Proteoceratidae | |-- Familie Pseudorthoceratidae | |-- Familie Stereoplasmoceratidae | `-- Familie Troedssonellidae |--o Orde Plectronocerida | |-- Balkoceratidae | `-- Plectronoceratidae |--o Orde Protactinocerida | `-- Familie Protactinoceratidae |--o Orde Pseudorthocerdia | `-- Pseudorthoceratidae |--o Orde Tarphycerida | |--o Suborde Barrandeocerina | | |-- Familie Apsidoceratidae | | |-- Familie Barrandeoceratidae | | |-- Familie Lechritrochoceratidae | | |-- Familie Lituitidae | | |-- Familie Nephriticeratidae | | |-- Familie Ophidioceratidae | | |-- Familie Plectoceratidae | | `-- Familie Uranoceratidae | `--o Suborde Tarphycerina | |-- Familie Estonioceratidae | |-- Familie Traphyceratidae | `-- Familie Trocholitidae `--o Orde Yanhecerida `-- Familie Yanheceratidae
    -------------------------------------------
  • Nautiloidea
  • Carbactinoceratidae: Rayonnoceras solidiforme
  • Lituitidae: Trilacinoceras hunanense
  • Nautiladae: Eutrephoceras elegans
  • Orthoceratidae: Dolorthoceras stiliforme, Treptoceras duseri
  • Protocycloceratidae: Protocycloceras sp.
  • Pseudorthoceratidae: Reticycloceras croneisi


    NEOPLAGIAULACIDAE
      <==o †NEOPLAGIAULACINAE [Neoplagiaulacidae] |?- †Mesodma sp.1, cf. M. formosa |?- †Mesodma sp.2, cf. M. formosa |?- †Mesodma sp.3, cf. M. formosa |?- †Mesodma sp.4 |?- †Mesodma sp.5 |?- †Mesodma hensleighi |?- †Mesodma senecta |?- †Mesodma garfieldensis |?- †M. pygmaea |--+-- †Mesodma formosa [Halodon formosus] | `--o †Ectypodus [Charlesmooria] | |?- †E. childei | |?- †E. simpsoni | |?- †E. elaphus | |-- †E. aphronorus | |-- †E. szalayi | |-- †E. musculus | `--+-- †E. powelli | `-- †E. tardus |--+-- †Mesodma primaeva [Perectypodus primaeva] | `--+-- †Mesodma thompsoni | |--+-- †Mesodma ambigua [†Mesodma. sp.4, cf. Mesodma thompsoni??] | | `-- †Mesodma siberlingi [Ectypodus?; Mimetodon?] | `--o †Mimetodon | |-- †M. krausei | |-- †M.? nanophus [Neoplagiaulax nanophus] | |-- †M. trovessortianus | `--+-- †M. churchilli | `-- †M. douglassi |--o †Neoplagiaulax | |-- †N. nanophus | |-- †N. nelsoni | |-- †N. mckennai [N. mckennaiai] | |-- †N. jepi | |-- †N. annae | |-- †N. fractus | |-- †N. nicolai | |-- †N. macintyrei | |--+-- †N. hazeni | | `-- †N. sp. cf. N. hazeni | |-- †N. paskapooensis [Neoplagiaulax hunteri; Neoplagiaulax sp. 2] | |-- †N. cimolodontoides [Neoplagiaulax sp. 3] | `--+-- †N. macrotomeus | |-- †N. copei | |-- †N. eocaenus | |-- †N. grangeri | `?-+-- †N. serrator [N. hunteri; N. sp. 1] | |-- †N. kremnus | |-- †N. sp. cf. N. hunteri [Blindman River localities??] | `-- †N. hunteri |--o †Parectypodus | |?- †P. lovei | |?- †P. vanvaleni | |-- †P. corystes | |-- †P. sloani | |-- †P. trovessartianus ["P. trouessarti"; Ptilodus; Mimetodon; Neoplagiaulax] | |-- †P. sylviae [Ectypodus sylviae] | |-- †P. pattersoni | |-- †P. armstrongi | |-- †P. sinclairi | `--+-- †P. laytoni | `-- †P. simpsoni |--o †Carnaysia | |-- †C. manueli | `-- †C. davidi |--o †Krauseia | `-- †K. clemensi [Parectypodus clemensi] |-- †Xironomys swainae [Xyronomys; ?Eucosmodontidae] |-- †Xancolomys mcgrewi `-- †Mesodmops


    NEOTOMINI
      <==o Neotomini [taxonomic history] |-- Xenomys nelsoni; R. SNA. |--+--o †Repomys; U.Mioc.-U.Plioc. NA. | | |-- †R. gustelyi[type] | | `--+-- †R. maxumi | | `-- †R. panacaensis | `?-o Nelsonia; R. SNA. | |-- N. neotomodon | `?- N. goldmani ()? `--+--o †Galushamys; U.Mioc. NA. | `-- †G. redingtonensis |?-o †Neotomodon | `-- †N. alstoni |-- Hodomys alleni; R. SNA. [sgen.=>Neotoma?] `--o Neotoma [Nectoma (lapsus calami)] [incl. Teonoma; Teanopus; Homodontomys; †Parahodomys; †Paraneotoma] U.Mioc.-R. NA., R. CA. (Wood rats, Pack rats) |?- †N. quadriplicata |?- †N. leucopetrica |-- N. (Teonoma) cinerea |-- N. (Teanopus) phenax ()? `--o N. (Neotoma) Say & Ord, 1825 |--o N. (N.) floridana | |-- N. (N.) f. floridana ()? | `-- N. (N.) f. smalli ()? |-- N. (N.) micropus ()? |-- N. (N.) albigula ()? |-- N. (N.) nelsoni ()? |-- N. (N.) palatina ()? |-- N. (N.) varia ()? |-- N. (N.) lepida |?- N. (N.) devia [ssp.=>N. lepida] ()? |-- N. (N.) bryanti ()? |-- N. (N.) anthonyi ()? |-- N. (N.) martinensis()? |-- N. (N.) bunkeri ()? |-- N. (N.) stephensi ()? |-- N. (N.) goldmani ()? |-- N. (N.) mexicana ()? |-- N. (N.) chrysomelas ()? |-- N. (N.) angustapalata ()? `--o N. (N.) fuscipes ()? |-- N. (N.) f. fuscipes ()? `-- N. (N.) f. riparia ()?


    NEOTRAGINI   NEOTRAGINAE   DWERGANTILOPEN   DWARF ANTELOPES
      <==o Neotragini - Dwarf Antelopes - Dwergantilopen |-- †Homoiodorcas |-- †Tyrrhenotragus |--o Raphicerus (Grijsbokken) | |-- R. campestris | |-- R. melanotis) | `-- R. sharpei |--o Madoqua (Dikdiks) | |--o (Madoqua) | | |-- M. (M.) saltiana | | `-- M. (M.) piacentinii ()? | `--o (Rhynchotragus) | |-- M. (R.) guentheri | `-- M. (R.) kirki |-- †Palaeotragiscus |-- Oreotragus oreotragus (Klipspringer) |-- Ourebia ourebi (Oribi) |-- Dorcatragus megalotis (Beira) `--o Neotragus (Dwergbokjes) |-- (Neotragus) pygmaeus `--o (Nesotragus) |-- N. (N.) batesi `--o N. (N.) moschatus (Suni) `-- N. (N.) m. moschatus
    ---------------------------------------------------------------
    Neotragini (Dwergantilopen) (Dwarf Antelopes):
    Genus Dorcatragus:
  • Mammals of the World: Genus Dorcatragus - Beira
        Dorcatragus megalotis (Beira)
  • Wikipedia: Beira
  • Ultimate Ungulate: Beira
    Genus Madoqua:
        Madoqua guentheri
        Madoqua kirkii (Dik-Dik)
  • Kirk's Dik-Dik - Damara Dik-Dik (Madoqua kirkii)
        Madoqua saltiana (Salt's Dik-Dik)
        Madoqua sp.
    Genus Neotragus:
        Neotragus batesi (Bate's Dwarf Antelope)
        Neotragus moschatus (Suni)
    Genus Oreotragus:
        Oreotragus oreotragus (Klipspringer)
    Genus Ourebia:
        Ourebia ourebi (Oribi)
  • Oribi (Ourebia ourebi)
  • Oribi (Ourebia ourebi)
    Genus Raphicerus:
        Raphicerus campestris (Steinbuck, Steenbok)
    Genus Rhynchotragus:


    NEPHROPIDAE   ZEEKREEFTEN   CLAWED LOBSTERS


    NESOMYIDAE   AFRICAN and MALAGASY ENDEMIC RATS and MICE
      <==o Animal Diversity Web (ADW) (2005): Nesomyidae (African and Malagasy endemic rats and mice) |-- Cricetomyinae (Pouched Rats) |--o Delanymyinae (Delany's Swamp Mice) | `-- D. brooksi (Delany's Swamp Mouse) |-- Dendromurinae (Boommuizen) (Tree Mice) (African Climbing Mice, Fat Mice, Tree Mice, and relatives) |-- Mystromyinae (South African White-tailed Rat) (White-tailed Mouse) |-- Nesomyinae (Malagasy Rats and Mice) `-- Petromyscinae (Rock Mice and Climbing Swamp Mouse) (Delany's Swamp Mouse and Rock Mice) -----------
      <==o Nesomyidae (African Mice and Rats) |-- Nesomyinae (Malagasy Rats and Mice) `--+-- Mystromyinae (South African White-tailed Rat) |-- Petromyscinae (Rock Mice and Climbing Swamp Mouse) `--+-- Cricetomyinae (Pouched Rats) `-- Dendromurinae (Boommuizen) (Tree Mice)


    NESOMYINAE   MALAGASY RATS and MICE
      <==o Nesomyinae (Malagasy Rats and Mice) |--o Brachytarsomys (White-tailed Rat) | |-- B. albicauda (White-tailed Rat) | `-- B. villosa (Hairy-tailed Antsangy) |--o Brachyuromys (Short-tailed Rats) | |-- M. betsileoensis (Betsileo Short-tailed Rat) (Volane andrivo) | `-- M. ramirohitra (Gregarious Short-tailed Rat) | `-- B. villosa (Hairy-tailed Antsangy) |--o Eliurus (Tufted-tailed Rats) | |-- E. antsingy (Tsingy Tufted-tailed Rat) | |-- E. ellermani (Ellerman's Tufted-tailed Rat) | |-- E. grandidieri (Grandidier's Tufted-tailed Rat) | |-- E. majori (Major's Tufted-tailed Rat) | |-- E. minor (Lesser Tufted-tailed Rat) | |-- E. myoxinus (Dormouse Tufted-tailed Rat) | |-- E. penicillatus (White-tipped Tufted-tailed Rat) | |-- E. petteri (Petter's Tufted-tailed Rat) | |-- E. tanala (Tanala Tufted-tailed Rat) | `-- E. webbi (Webb's Tufted-tailed Rat) |-- Gymnuromys roberti (Voalavoanala) |-- Hypogeomys antimena (Malagasy Giant Rat) (Voalavo voutsoutse) |--o Macrotarsomys (Big-footed Mice) | |-- M. bastardi (Bastard Big-footed Mouse) | `-- M. ingens (Greater Big-footed Mouse) `--o Nesomys (Island Mice) |-- Nesomys audeberti (White-bellied Nesomys) |-- Nesomys lambertoni (Western Nesomys) `-- Nesomys rufus (Island Mouse) --------------------
      <==o Nasomyinae (Malagasy Mice & Rats) |-- Brachytarsomys albicauda; ?Pleist.-R. Mad. |--o Macrotarsomys; ?Pleist.-R. Mad. | |-- M. bastardi | `-- M. ingens |-- Nesomys rufus [incl. Hallomys] R. Mad. |-- Gymnuromys roberti |--o Eliurus; R. Mad. | |-- E. majori | |-- E. minor | |-- E. myoxinus | |-- E. penicillatus | |-- E. tanala | `-- E. webbi |-- Hypogeomys antimena; R. Mad. (Voalavo voutsoutse, votsotsa) `--o Brachyuromys; ?U.Mioc. Af., R. Mad. |-- B. betsileoensis (Volane andrivo) `-- B. ramirohitra


    NEUSBEER   COATIMUNDI
  • Tierpark Herberstein: Coatimundi (Nasua narica)


    †NOTIOPRONGONIA
      <==o †NOTIOPRONGONIA |?- †Satshatemnus |?- †Seudenius |?- †Arctostylopidae |--o †Henricosborniidae | |-- †Othneilmarshia [Postpithecus] | |-- †Peripantostylops | |-- †Henricosbornia [Hemistylops, Microstylops, Monolophodon, Pantostylops, Polystylops, Prohyracotherium, Selenoconus] | `-- †Simpsonotus `--o †Notostylopidae |-- †Homalostylops [Acrostylops] |-- †Notostylops [Anastylops, Catastylops, Entelostylops, Eostylops, Isostylops, Pliostylops] |-- †Edvardotrouessartia |-- †Boreastylops `-- †Otronia


    NOTOMETATHERIA   SOUTH AMERICAN and AUSTRALIAN METATHERES, incl. MARSUPIALIA
      <==o Notometatheria (South American and Australian Metatheres) |?- †Ischyrodelphis castellanosi [Ischyrodidelphis lapsus calami?] |?- †Xenodelphis [Synonym of †Gaylordia] |?- †Pascualdelphys fierroensis |?- †Peradectidae [Didelphidae: Peradectinae] |-- †Sparassodonta (Marsupial Hyaenas) `--o Marsupialia (Modern Marsupials) |?- Paucituberculata (Shrew-Opossum-like Marsupials) `--+-- †Hondadelphys fieldsi [Hondadelphidae] `--+-- †Pucadelphys andinus [paraphyletic Pucadelphydea] `--+-- †Andinodelphys cochabambensis [paraphyletic Pucadelphydea] `--o Marsupialia (Modern Marsupials) |--+?- †Szalinia gracilis | `-- Didelphioidea [Didelphimorphia] (Opossum-like Marsupials) `-- Australidelphia (Australian Marsupials)


    NOTOUNGULATA
      <==o †NOTOUNGULATA |?- †Acoelodus |?- †Pleurystylops |?- †Lophiodonticulus |?- †Tonostylops |?- †Isotypotherium |?- †Epitypotherium |?- †Carolodarwinia |?- †Ortholophodon |?- †Procolpodon |?- †Senodon |?- †Loxocoelus |?- †Pyralophodon |?- †Orthogeniops [Orthogenium] |?- ?†Pyramidon [nomen dubium?] |?- ?†Archaeotypotherium [nomen dubium?] |-- †NOTIOPRONGONIA |-- †TOXODONTIA `-- †TYPOTHERIA


    NIJLGAU ANTILOOP   NILGAI   BOSELAPHUS   BLUE BULL   BLUEBUCK
    Sub Family Bovinae - Echte Runderen
    Genus Bosephalus:
        Genus Boselaphus tragocamelus (Nijlgau - Nilgau)

    ---------------------------------------------------
  • Mammals of the World: Genus Boselaphus - Nilgai, or Bluebuck
  • Nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus)
  • Animaldiversity: Boselaphus tragocamelis (Nilgai)
  • Nilgai

    Zie ook: Echte Runderen   Bovinae


    NIJLPAARDEN   HIPPOPOTAMIDAE   HIPPOPOTAMINAE   HIPPOPOTAMUS   HIPPO
      <==o Hippopotamidae (Nijlpaarden) |?- †Trilobophorus `--+-- †Kenyapotamus [Kenyapotaminae] `--o Hippopotaminae |--o Hexaprotodon [Choeropsis] (Dwergnijlpaarden) | |--+-- †H. lothagamensis | | |-- †H. sp. aff. H. sahabiensis | | `-- †H. crusafonti | `--+-- H. liberiensis (Dwergnijlpaard, Pygmy Hippopotamus) | |-- H. liberiensis heslopi (Nigeriaans Dwergnijlpaard, Nigerian Pygmy Hippopotamus) | `-- H. liberiensis liberiensis (Liberiaans Dwergnijlpaard, Liberian Pygmy Hippopotamus) | `--+-- †H. harvardi [paraphyletic] | |--+-- †H. iravaticus | | `-- †H. sahabiensis | `--+-- †H. sivalensis | `--+-- †H.imagunculus | `--+--+-- †H. protamphibius | | `-- †H. karumensis | |--+-- †H. hipponensis | | |-- †H. primaevus | | `-- †H. imagunculus | `--+?- †H. kaisensis [Hippopotamus kaisensis] | `?- †H. madagascariensis [=? Hippopotamus madagascariensis] `--o Hippopotamus [Hexaprotodon, Hippoleakius, Prochoeropsis, Tetraprotodon] (Nijlpaarden) |-- †H. major |--+-- †H. aethiopicus | `-- †H. minutus [Phanourios; H. minor] (Cypros dwarf hippo) `--o H. amphibius -species-group `--o H. amphibius tschadensis |--+-- †H. lemerlei [H. leptorhynchus; H. amphibius standini ] | `-- †H. madagascariensis |-- †H. palaeindicus `--+-- H. amphibius (Nijlpaard, Hippopotamus, Hippo) `--+-- †H. gorgops (Periscope-eyed hippo) `--+-- †H. antiquus (European hippo) |-- †H. creutzburgi (Crete dwarf hippo) |-- †H. melitensis (Maltan dwarf hippo) `-- †H. pentlandi (Sisilian dwarf hippo)
    ---------------------------------------------
    Hexaprotodon - Dwergnijlpaarden:
    Hexaprotodon liberiensis (Dwergnijlpaard):
  • NVDZ: Dwergnijlpaard
  • Animal Diversity: Hexaprotodon liberiensis - Pygmy Hippopotamus
  • Pygmy Hippopotamus - Hexaprotodon liberiensis
  • Hexaprotodon liberiensis
  • Pygmy Hippo
    Hippopotamus (Nijlpaard, Hippo):
  • Hippotamus
  • Hippo
  • Nijlpaard - Hippopotamus
  • Animal Diversity: Hippopotamus amphibius - Hippo
  • Enchanted Learning: Hippopotamus
  • The Big Zoo - Hippopotamus

    Zie ook: Evenhoevigen   Artiodactyla


    OCTODONTIDAE   DEGOE   DEGU   SCHIJNRATTEN
      <==o Octodontidae [incl. Ctenomyidae; †Acaremyidae] |?- †Phthoramys |?- †Tarijamys |-- †Platypittamys [Octodontidae: Acremyinae] `--+--o †Acaremyidae [Acremyinae] | |--o †Galileomys | | |?- †G.? colloncurensis | | `-- †G. antelucanus | `--+-- †Sciamys | `--o †Acaremys | |-- †A. murinus | `-- †A. tricarinatus `--+-- †Deseadomys arambourgi [Echimyidae: †Adelphomyinae] `--+-- †Migraveramys [Octodontidae: Acremyinae] `--+-- †Protacaremys [Archaeocardia, Eoctodon, "Palaeocardia"] [Echimyidae: Heteropsomyinae] `--+-- †Massoiamys [Octodontidae: Acremyinae] |-- †Stichomys [Echimyidae: †Adelphomyinae] |-- †Eumysops [Proaguti] `--+-- †Chasiquimys `--o Octodontinae [Octodontidae] |-- †Chasicomys |--o Octodontini | |-- †Paradoxomys | |-- Pithanotomys ()? | |-- †Abalosia | |--o Octodon ()? | | |-- O. bridgesi | | |-- O. degus | | `-- O. lunatus (Degu['] de la Costa) | |-- Tympanoctomys barrerae | |-- Spalacopus cyanus | |-- Octodontomys gliroides | `-- Octomys mimax (Viscacha Rat, Rata Cola Peluda) `--o Ctenomyini [Ctenomyidae] |-- Palaeoctodon |-- †Xenodontomys |-- †Eucoelophorus [Eucelophorus] |-- Ctenomys [Paractenomys] (Tucutucus) [38] |-- †Praectenomys |-- †Actenomys [Dicoelophorus] `-- †Megactenomys Octodontidae incertae sedis: †Eoctodon †Pseudoplataeomys Aconaemys ()? A. fuscus (Rock Rat, Rata de los Pinares, Tunduco) A. sagei (Neuque[']n Rock Rat)
    -----------------------------
  • De Nederlandse Degoe Website
  • Degoesite Jip en Floris
  • Degu Homepage Info over het knaagdier Degu afkomstig uit Chili
  • De Degu's van René

    Zie ook: Knaagdieren   Rodents   Rodentia


    ODOCOILEINAE   ODOCOILINAE   CAPREOLINAE
      <==o Odocoilinae [Capreolinae] |--o Capreolini | |--o †Procapreolus | | |-- †P. ucrainicus | | |-- †P. wenzensis | | |-- †P. cusanus | | `-- †P. stenos | `--o Capreolus | |-- †C. constantini | |-- †C. suessenbornensis | |--o C. capreolus | | `--o C. c. capreolus | `--o C. pygargus [ssp. => C. capreolus??] | |-- C. p. pygargus (<>Siperia) | `-- C. p. bedfordi (<>Kiina) `--+-- Odocoileini `--o Alceini |?- †Pseudalces mirandus |-- †Cervalces `--o Alces [Libralces; Cervalces] ()? |-- †A. gallicus [Libralces gallicus] |-- †A. latifrons [Cervalces latifrons] |-- †A. scotti `--o A. alces [6 ssp.] |-- A. a. alces |-- A. a. americanus |-- A. a. andersoni |-- A. a. cameloides |-- A. a. gigas |-- A. a. pfizenmayeri `-- A. a. shirasi
    -----------------------------
    Algemeen - General:
  • Animaldiversity: Cervidae => Odocoileinae
  • The Deer => Odocoileinae

    Alces - Eland - Moose:

  • Eland - Moose, European Elk (Alces alces)
  • Animaldiversity: Alces alces
  • Alces Biology and management of moose, incl Alces journal
  • All About Moose Links
  • North American Moose Group
  • Eduscapes: Moose (Alces alces)

    Capreolus:

  • Ree - Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus)
  • Grofwild in Nederland: (Wapiti, Noord Amerikaans Edelhert) Edelhert (Red Deer, Cervus elaphus), Damhert (Cervus dama), Ree (Roe Deer - Capreolus capreolus)
  • White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
  • Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus)


    ODOCOILEINI
      <==o Odocoileini |-- †Pavlodaria |-- †Bretzia |-- †Morenelaphus |-- Odocoileus [2 species, 32 subspecies] |--o Ozotoceros bezoarticus | |-- O. b. bezoarticus () | |-- O. b. celer | `-- O. b. leucogaster () |-- Blastocerus dichotomus (Marsh Deer) |-- †Antifer [Paraceros] |-- †Charitoceros |-- †Agalmaceros |--o Mazama ()? | |--o M. americana [14 subsp.] | | |-- M. a. americana | | |-- M. a. tema | | |-- M. a. ssp.3 ()? | | |-- M. a. ssp.4 ()? | | |-- M. a. ssp.5 ()? | | |-- M. a. ssp.6 ()? | | |-- M. a. ssp.7 ()? | | |-- M. a. ssp.8 ()? | | |-- M. a. ssp.9 ()? | | |-- M. a. ssp.10 ()? | | |-- M. a. ssp.11 ()? | | |-- M. a. ssp.12 ()? | | |-- M. a. ssp.13 ()? | | `-- M. a. ssp.14 ()? | |-- M. gouazoupira | |-- M. rufina | |-- M. chunyi | |?- M. bricenii ()? | `?- M. nana (Bororo) |--o Pudu | |-- P. puda (Pudu) | `--o P. mephistophiles (2 subsp.) | |-- P. m. mephistophiles ()? | `-- P. m. ssp.2 ()? |-- †Navahoceros |--o Rangifer tarandus (Reindeer; Caribou) [9 subsp.] | |-- R. t. tarandus | |-- R. t. caribou | |-- R. t. fennicus | |-- R. t. groenlandicus | |-- R. t. pearyi | |-- R. t. platyrhynchus | |-- R. t. sibiricus | |-- R. t. valentinae | `-- R. t. ssp.9 ()? `--o Hippocamelus ()? |-- H. antisensis (Guemuli, Taruca) `-- H. bisulcus
    -----------------
    Blastocerus:
  • Marsh Deer (Blastocerus dichotomous)
  • Marsh Deer

    Hippocamelus - Huemul:

  • Animaldiversity: Hippocamelus antisensis - Andean Deer (Chilean Huemul (Guemal)
  • Northern Guemul (Hippocamelus antisensis)
  • South Andean Deer - Argentinian Huemul (Guemal) (Hippocamelus bisulcus)
  • Huemul (Hippocamelus bisulcus)

    Mazama - Brocket Deer:

  • Mazama (Red Brocket)

    Ozotoceros:

  • Pampas Deer (Ozotoceros bezoarticus)
  • Pampas Deer
  • Animal Diversity: Pampas Deer (Ozotoceros bezoarticus)

    Pudu - Poedoe:

  • Pudu Deer
  • Apenheul - Meer dieren: Poedoe - Pudu (Southern Pudu) (Pudu pudu)
  • Los Angeles Zoo: Pudu (Pudu pudu)
  • Southern Pudu (Pudu pudu)
  • North Pudu Deer (Pudu mephistophiles)

    Rangifer (Kariboe, Caribou, Rendier, Reindeer):

  • Dierentuin.net: Kariboe
  • Dierentuin.net: Rendier
  • Natuurbeleving: Rendier (Rangifer tarandus)
  • Animaldiversity: Rangifer tarandus (Caribou, Reindeer)
  • Rendier - Reindeer - Rangifer tarandus
  • Reindeer Research Program University of Alaska Fairbanks
  • Woodland Caribou: A Threatened Species Status in Alberta, other caribou and endangered species links
  • Caribou Commons Project Struggle of Gwitchin people to prevent oil development in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska, homeland of the Porcupine Caribou herd


    ODOCOILEUS
      <==o Odocoileus [2 species, 32 subspecies] |--o O. hemionus (Muildierhert, Mule Deer) | |-- O. h. hemionus ()? | `-- O. h. cerrosensis `--o O. virginianus [30. ssp.] |-- O. v. borealis |-- O. v. clavium |-- O. v. dacotensis () |-- O. v. margaritae (<>(Venezuela: Maragaritansaari)) |-- O. v. leucurus ()? |-- O. v. cerrosensis ()? |-- O. v. virginianus ()? |-- O. v. ssp.8 ()? |-- O. v. ssp.9 ()? |-- O. v. ssp.10 ()? |-- O. v. ssp.11 ()? |-- O. v. ssp.12 ()? |-- O. v. ssp.13 ()? |-- O. v. ssp.14 ()? |-- O. v. ssp.15 ()? |-- O. v. ssp.16 ()? |-- O. v. ssp.17 ()? |-- O. v. ssp.18 ()? |-- O. v. ssp.19 ()? |-- O. v. ssp.20 ()? |-- O. v. ssp.21 ()? |-- O. v. ssp.22 ()? |-- O. v. ssp.23 ()? |-- O. v. ssp.24 ()? |-- O. v. ssp.25 ()? |-- O. v. ssp.26 ()? |-- O. v. ssp.27 ()? |-- O. v. ssp.28 ()? |-- O. v. ssp.29 ()? `-- O. v. ssp.30 ()?
    ----------------
    Odocoileus:
  • DierentuinNet: Muildierhert - Odocoileus hemionus - Mule Deer
  • Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus crooki)
  • Sitka Black-tailed Deer (Odocoileus hemionus sitkensis)
  • Odocoileus virginianus - White-tailed Deer
  • White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virgilianus)


    OKAPI   OKAPIINA   OKAPIINAE
      <==o Okapiina [Okapiinae] |-- †Csakvarotherium |?- "Okapia" stillei `-- Okapia johnstoni
  • Okapi johnstoni
  • Okapi - Okapia johnstoni
  • Mokapi - the Okapi
  • Okapi


    OLDFIELDTHOMASIIDAE   ACOELOPIDAE
      <==o †Oldfieldthomasiidae [Acoelopidae] |-- †Allalmeia |-- †Brachystephanus |-- †Carmargomendesis |-- †Colbertia |-- †Kibenikhoria |-- †Itaboraitherium |-- †Maxschlosseria [Paracoelodus, Oldfieldthomasia] |-- †Paginula |-- †Tsmanichoria |-- †Ultrapithercus `-- †Xenostephanus


    OLIFANTEN   ELEPHANTS
  • Mammoths, Mastodons, and Elephants
  • Vrienden van de Olifant en hun leefomgeving
  • Vrienden van de Olifant
  • Artis: De Olifant
  • WNF: De Olifant
  • Elephants.com

    Zie ook: Afrikaanse Olifant   African Elephant   Elephas
    Zie ook: Aziatische Olifant   Asian Elephant   Elephantiformes


    ONGEDIERTE   ONGEDIERTEBESTRIJDING
  • NRC: Ongedierte
  • Ongedierte
  • Ongedierte: Bedwants, Bijen, Bloedluis, Bruine Rat, Duiven, Faraomieren, Fruitvliegjes, Graanklander, Houtworm, Huisboktor, Huiskrekel, Huisstofmijt, Kakkerlakken, Kevers, Kleermot, Knaagkever (bonte), Meeltorren, Mieren, Mijten, Mollen, Muggen, Muizen, Muskusrat, Oorwurm, Ovenvisjes, Pelsmot, Pissebed, Ratten, Rupsen, Schimmel, Spinnen, Tapijtkever, Tempexkever, Termieten, Vliegen, Vlooien, Voorraadinsecten, Wespen, Woelratten, Zilvervisjes, Zwammen
  • Ongediertenet
  • Stop de Plaag!
  • Nederlandse Vereniging van Ongediertebestrijdingsbedrijven
  • National Pestmanagement Organisation
  • Database of IPM Resources


    ONGEWERVELDE DIEREN   INVERTEBRATES   INVERTEBRATA   INVERTEBRATEN
    Zie ook: CATSCLEM: Ongewervelde Dieren - Invertebrata


    Opossum
  • Grey Four-eyed Opossum (Philander Opossum), Common Opossum (Didelphis marsupialis), Water Opossum (Chironectes minimus)


    ONISCOIDEA   LANDPISSEBEDDEN   TERRESTRIAL ISOPODS
      <==o Oniscoidea () |?- Dubioniscidae |?- Helelidae |?- Irmaosidae |?- Scleropactidae |--o Tylomorpha | `-- Tylidae `--o Ligiamorpha |--o Diplocheta | |-- Ligiidae | `-- Mesoniscidae |--o Synocheta | |--o Trichoniscoidea | | |-- Buddelundiellidae | | `-- Trichoniscidae () | `--o Styloniscoidea | |-- Schoebliidae | |-- Styloniscidae [Patagoniscidae] | |-- Titaniidae | `-- Tunanoniscidae `--o Crinocheta |--o Oniscoidea [Atracheata] | |-- Bathytropidae | |-- Berytoniscidae | |-- Detonidae | |-- Halophiloscidae | |-- Olibrinidae | |-- Oniscidae () | |-- Philosciidae | |-- Platyarthridae | |-- Pudeoniscidae | |-- Rhyscotidae | |-- Scyphacidae | |-- Speleoniscidae | |-- Sphaeroniscidae | |-- Stenoniscidae | `-- Tendosphaeridae `--o Armadilloidea [Pseudotracheata] |-- Actaeciidae |-- Armadillidae |-- Armadillidiidae (Rolpissebedden) (Pill Bugs) |-- Atlantidiidae |-- Balloniscidae |-- Buddelundiellidae |-- Cylisticidae |-- Eubelidae [Eubellidae] |-- Periscyphicidae |-- Porcellionidae `-- Trachelipodidae [Trachelipidae]
    ------------------------------
  • Woodlouse (Pill Bug) (Philoscia muscorum) (Armadillidium vulgare)


    OREODONTOIDEA
      <==o †Super Familie OREODONTOIDEA [Merycoidodontoidea] |?- †Hydrohyus |?- †Eucrotaphus |--o †Agriochoeridae | |-- †Diplobunops [Agriotherium, Chorotherium, Eomeryx, Mesagriochoerus, Protagriochoerus] | |-- †Agriochoerus maximus | `--o †Protoreodon | |-- †P. walshi | `-- †P. petersoni `--o †Oreodontidae [Merycoidodontidae] |?- †Metoreodon |?- †Promerycochoerus [Paracotylops, Paramerycochoerus, Parapromerycochoerus, Pseudopromerycochoerus] |?- †Pseudoleptauchenia |?- †Superdesmatochoerus |--o †Oreonetinae | |-- †Bathygenys alpha | |-- †Megabathygenys | |-- †Oreonetes | `-- †Parabathygenys `--+--o †Leptaucheniinae | |--o †Leptaucheniini | | |-- †Limnenetes | | |-- †Pseudocyclopidius | | |-- †Hadroleptauchenia | | |-- †Leptauchenia | | |-- †Pithecistes | | `-- †Cyclopidius | `--o †Sespiini | |-- †Megasespia | `-- †Sespia `--+--o †Oreodontinae [Merycoidodontinae] | |-- †Aclistomycter middletoni | |-- †Merycoidodon [Oreodon] | |-- †Otionohyus | |-- †Paramerycoidodon | |-- †Genetochoerus | |-- †Pseudogenetochoerus | `-- †Epigenetochoerus `--+--o †Miniochoerinae | |-- †Stenopsochoerus [Pseudostenopsochoerus] | |-- †Platyochoerus | |-- †Parastenopsochoerus | `-- †Miniochoerus [Paraminiochoerus] `--+--o †Desmatochoerinae | |-- †Prodesmatochoerus | |-- †Subdesmatochoerus | |-- †Desmatochoerus [Hypselochoerus, Paradesmatochoerus] | |-- †Subdesmatochoerus | |-- †Megoreodon | `-- †Pseudodesmatochoerus `--+--o †Promerycochoerinae | |-- †Promesodreodon | |-- †Promerycochoerus | |-- †Merycoides | `-- †Mesoreodon wheeleri `--+--o †Merychyinae | |-- †Oreodontoides | |-- †Paroreodon | |-- †Paramerychyus | `--o †Merychyus [Metoreodon] | |-- †M. minimus | `-- †M. elegans `--+--o †Eporeodontinae | |-- †Dayohyus | `-- †Eporeodon `--+--o †Phenacocoelinae | |-- †Phenacocoelus | |-- †Submerycochoerus | |-- †Pseudomesoreodon | `-- †Hypsiops `--+--o †Ticholeptinae | |-- †Mediochoerus | |-- †Ticholeptus [Poatrephes] | `-- †Ustatochoerus `--o †Merycochoerinae |--o †Merycochoerus | |-- †M. matthewsi | `-- †M. proprius `-- †Brachycrus [Pronomotherium]


    ORYZOMYINI
      <==o Oryzomyini |?-o †Megalomys [taxonomic history] Pleist.-R. W.Ind., Pleist. NSA. [Santa Lucia & Martinique, extinct since 19th century] | |-- †M. desmarestii | `-- †M. luciae |--o Scolomys; R. SA. | |-- S. melanops | `-- S. ucayalensis |--o Zygodontomys; Pleist.-R. SA., R. CA. | |-- Z. brevicauda | |-- Z. reigi | `-- Z. brunneus `--+--+--o Oryzomys albigularis -species group | | `-- Oryzomys albigularis | |--+--o Oryzomys megacephalus -species group | | | `-- Oryzomys megacephalus | | `--o Oryzomys yunganus -species group | | `-- Oryzomys yunganus | |--+--o Handleyomys | | | |-- H. fuscatus [Aepeomys fuscatus] | | | `-- H. intectus [Oryzomys intectus] | | `--+--o Oryzomys alfaroi -species group | | | `-- Oryzomys alfaroi | | `--o Oryzomys melanotis -species group | | `-- Oryzomys melanotis | |--+-- Oryzomys talamancae | | `--o Oryzomys nitidus -species group | | |?- O. nitidus | | |-- Oryzomys macconnelli | | `--+-- Oryzomys lamia | | `-- Oryzomys russatus | `--o Oecomys [Oryzomys (Oecomys)] R. CA. SA. | |?- O. cleberi | |?- O. flavicans | |?- O. paricola | |?- O. phaeotis | |?- O. rex | |?- O. roberti | |?- O. rutilus | |?- O. speciosus | |?- O. superans | |-- O. bicolor | |-- O. catharinae | `--+-- O. trinitatis | `--+-- O. concolor | `-- O. mamorae `--+--+--o Oligoryzomys [ Oryzomys (Oligoryzomys)] Pleist.-R. SA., R. CA. | | |?- †O. victus | | |?- O. delicatus | | |?- O. munchiquensis | | |?- O. microtis | | |?- O. andinus | | |?- O. arenalis | | |?- O. spodiurus | | |?- O. longicaudatus | | |?- O. delticola | | |?- O. chacoensis | | |?- O. utiaritensis | | |?- O. mattogrossae | | |?- O. destructor | | |?- O. eliurus | | |?- O. griseolus | | |?- O. magellanicus | | |?- O. vegetus | | |-- O. fulvescens | | |--+-- O. stramineus | | | `-- O. nigripes | | `--+-- O. fulvescens 2 | | `-- O. fornesi | `--+--o Neacomys | | |?- N. guianae | | |?- N. pictus | | |?- N. tenuipes | | |-- N. spinosus | | `--+-- N. minutus | | `-- N. musseri | `--+-- Oryzomys balneator | `--o Microryzomys [incl. Thallomyscus] [Oryzomys (Microryzomys)] | |-- M. minutus | `?- M. altissimus `--+-- Oryzomys polius `--+-- Oryzomys angouva |-- Oryzomys subflavus |--+-- †Lundomys molitor ; U.Pleist.-R. SA. | `--+--o Pseudoryzomys; Pleist.-R. SA. | | |-- P. wavrini | | `-- P. simplex | `--o Holochilus [Mus (Holochilus); Holochyse] M.Pleist.-R. SA. | |-- †H. primigenus | `--+-- H. brasiliensis | |-- H. sciureus[ssp. => H. brasiliensis??] | |-- H. chacarius[ssp. => H. brasiliensis??] | `-- H. magnus `--+--+-- Amphinectomys savamis; R. SA. | `--o Nectomys [incl. Cercomys(a chimera)] Pleist.-R. SA. [sgen.=> Oryzomys?] | |-- N. squamipes | |?- N. parvipes | `?- ?N. palmipes |--o Oryzomys palustris -species group [Oryzomys sensu stricto] | |-- Oryzomys couesi | `--o Oryzomys palustris | |-- †O. p. antillarum | `-- O. p. palustris `--+-- Oryzomys xantheolus `--+--o Nesoryzomys; R. W.Pac. | |-- N. darwini | |-- N. fernandinae | |-- N. indefessus | `-- N. swarthi `--+-- Sigmodontomys alfari; R. CA. SA. [Oryzomys (Sigmodontomys)] `--o Melanomys; R. CA. [Oryzomys (Melanomys)] |-- M. caliginosus |?- M. robustulus `?- M. zunigae


    OSTRACODA   MOSSELKREEFTJES


    OTHER EPARCTOCYONAN UNGULATES


    OVIBOVINI
      <==o Ovibovini |-- †Damalavus |-- †Urmiatherium |-- †Tsaidamotherium |-- †Parurmiatherium |-- †Palaeoryx [Sivoryx] |-- †Criotherium |-- †Lyrocerus |-- †Makapania |-- †Megalovis [Deperetia, Pliotragus, Hesperoceras, Hesperidoceras] |--o Budorcas taxicolor (Takin, Rundergems of Gnoegeit) | |-- B. t. taxicolor | |-- B. t. bedfordi | |-- B. t. tibetana (Sichuan Takin) | `-- B. t. whitei |-- †Praeovibos |-- †Bootherium bombifrons [Synonyms] |--o Ovibos | |?- †O. maximus | `--o O. moschatus [O. proximus] (Musk Ox, Muskus Os) | |-- O. m. moschatus ()? | |-- O. m. niphoecus ()? | `-- O. m. wardi ()? |-- †Soergelia |-- †Boopsis `--o †Euceratherium [Aftonius, Preptoceras] `-- †E. collinum
    --------------------------------
    Budorcas taxicolor (Takin, Rundergems of Gnoegeit)
  • Takin Budorcas taxicolor taxicolor
    Budorcas taxicolor tibetana (Sichuan Takin)
    Budorcas taxicolor whitei
    Ovibos moschatus (Musk Ox, Muskus Os)


    OXYCLAENIDAE
      <==o †Oxyclaenidae |-- †Carcinodon aquilonius |--o †Desmatoclaenus | |-- †D. dianae | `--+-- †D. protogonioides | `--+-- †D. hermaeus | `-- †D. mearae |--o †Prothryptacodon | |-- †P. hilli | `--+-- †P. furens | `-- †P. ambiguus |-- †Zhujegale |-- †Astigale |--+?- †Triisodontidae | `--o †Oxyclaenus | |-- †O. corax | |-- †O. cuspidatus | |-- †O. simplex | `-- †O. subbituminus |-- †Prolatidens |-- †Princetonia yalensis |-- †Petrolemus |-- †Khashanagale |--+-- †Lantianius | `?- †Arctostylopidae `--+?- †Loxolophidae `--o †Chriacus [Tricentes, Metachriacus, Spanoxyodon, Lipodectes] |-- †C. badgleyi |-- †C. gallinae |-- †C. punitor |-- †C. subtrigonus |-- †C. truncatus `--+-- †C. calenancus |-- †C. pelvidens `--+-- †C. pearcei `--+-- †C. baldwini |-- †C. oconostotae `-- †C. orthogonius